Expansion of Lightwaves verses the Expansion of Space

Since I am supporting the former, I decided to try and establish a 'distance' relation to the EoLWs. Since the SSU is based on a flat Euclidean space, that is what I will use.

My first attempt to do this is by using the HDFN as a measure for the EoLWs.

The 'data' on this field is that the most distant objects were determined to have redshifts (RS) of 6+.

So I decided to use M87 in the Virgo Cluster as a model for establishing a distance if placed at the distance of the tiny specks that would have RSs of about 6.

M87 is measured to be at a distance of 16.7 megaparsecs or 54^6 light years.

Its angular diameter is 9.7 arc minutes (Nearby Galaxies Catalog by Brent Tully).

A photo of the HDFN is in the Sky and Telescope Magazine, May 1996, page 49. The photo is equivalent to 1-1/2 arc minutes wide. So using this width in relation to the small specks, I determined that they were about one arc 'secomd' wide.

So with this data, I determined that if M87 was placed at a distance of 'one arc second', it would be at a distance of 9.7' (582") x 54^6 lys, = 31^9 lys.

Then if we give it a RS of 6, we could establish a RS distance relation by dividing 31 by 6 that establishes a distance relation for a single RS of 5.16 lys for the lightwaves.

To reduce the RS to a single LY and use yellow light that has a wavelength of

5.56^-7 meters, we can divide the wavelength by 5.16^9 lys that gives us a RS of

1^-16 meters per ly.

Now to evaluate the RSs of the galaxies in the Virgo Cluster for an evaluation.

Rather than using the M87 data as the distance candle for this RS, I and another member of our Astronomy Club used the recessional velocities (RV) of a large number of the galaxies and I used a compromise RV of 1060 kms/s/mpc. M87s

RV is 1200 kms/s/mpc. This discrepancy includes the local RV of 140 kms for M87.

1060 kms/s divided by 2.99^8 meters/s = 3.53^-3 RS actual. This is the RS at the distance of the Virgo Cluster. This is a partial RS. So we invert to get a ratio for a RS of one. That is 1/3.53^-3 = 283 portions. We multiply this by the Virgo distance of 54^6 lys and we get 15^9 lys for a RS of one or a RS of 3.7^-17 meters per ly.

Dividing the RS above for the LWs by the local Virgo RS, we get 1^-16 divided by 3.7^-17 = a ratio of 2.7 to one.

The LWs are expanding at a greater pace than the space expansion! Wow!

How do we explain this?

Well, the Malmquist Bias may be one solution since it deals with the luminosity of objects as distance candles and Arps RS Anomaly shows that light energies by the radiating objects have different RSs.

So, we can conclude then, that the distant galaxies in the HDFN are 'high energy radiating objects' that have higher than average RSs for their distances as compared to the local Virgo Cluster composed of mostly ordinary galaxies.

So this comparison supports a SSU and the EoLWs as the Cosmological RS, IMO.

NS