# Thread: Rule of Space Time Configuration of Physical Units

1. Rule of Space Time Configuration of Physical Units
---Axiomatic System of Physics (2)

Zhiqiang Zhang
dlxinzhigao@163.com
Written in May.8th,2011

Abstract
All kinds of physical existences appointed by physical units or physical quantities possess an common physical form inherently that is space time structure , being consists of specific numbers of dimensional spaces , specific numbers of dimensional times and an unique coefficient.

Space time structure of physical existences can be identically and universally expressed by rule of space time configuration of physical units. Such expression is of one and only, but not exclusive for other physical units in several cases. It is so called fully-designated logistic expression of physical existence. .
This paper presents rule of space time configuration of physical units, calculating methods of space time configuration(STC) , STC expression of physical quantity , and interpretation to STC(dimA) for 25 physical units and physical quantities individually.
Keywords
Rule of space time configuration Space time Structure Sign-designated expression of physical unit fully-designated expression of physical unit

1, Rule of STC(dimA) of Physical Units
Every physical existence appointed by an physical units generally symbolized by possesses an common physical form inherently that is space time structure .
Space time structure of all physical existences can be identically and universally expressed by space time configuration of the physical units,that is, rule of STC(dimA) of physical units , which says
STC(dimA) = B m^a s^-b
where, B is an coefficient and B≥|G|=6.6745786383860966... *10^-11 ；
m represents one dimensional space or length unit ;
s represents one dimensional time or time unit;
a,b=-5,-4,-3,-2,-1,0,1,2,3,4,5 .

2, Three Methods to Calculate
By G gauges of physical units , there are three ways to pin down space time configuration for an certain physical existence.
2.1 Method by Physical Constant
Assumption of gauge of six basic physical unit introduced in the work ofAxiom of Physics --- G Gauge would be equivalent to such result in terms of value as
.................................................. .......................

2.2 Method by Relations between Basic Units and Derived Units
Physical relations between basic units and derived units have been verified through lots of physical experiments in physics , and the most reliable results in physics. To make use of these results is another effective way to figure out of derived units. Such as ,
.................................................. ............................
2.3 Method by STV(dimA)
.................................................. .......................

3, Logistic Expressions of Physical Quantity
An physical existence is usually appointed by an physical quantity whose logistic expression is commonly as below
A =|A|dimA
Where , |A| represents modulus of physical quantity of A ;
dimA represents physical unit of the physical quantity of A
Called such expression as sign-designated logistic expression of the physical quantity.
Thanks to discovery of space time structure of physical existences and with help of rule of STC(dimA) , now another logistic expression of physical quantity, which is universally applicable to all kinds of physical existences , emerge itself as below
STC(A) =|A| B m^a s^-b
Where |A| represents modulus of physical quantity of A
Bm^a s^-b represents space time configuration of an physical unit dimA
Called such expression as fully-designated logistic expression of physical quantity.

4, Interpretation to STC(dimA) and STC(A)
(to be continued)

2.

3. 4, Interpretation to STC(dimA) and STC(A)
By rule of space time configuration of physical unit, it is obvious that all physical existences appointed by physical units or physical quantity are commonly consists of specific number of dimensional spaces and specific numbers of dimensional times. This yields a preliminary result that the universe possesses 5 sorts of dimensional spaces and 5 sorts of dimensional times , since physically speaking the universe is composed of various physical existences being described by physical units and physical quantities of all kinds. Regarding this conclusion , further theoretical analysis and verification by observed datum will be presented in works continued.

Following examples serve as interpretation to physical meaning of STC(dimA) and STC(A) and for purpose of well understanding about space time structure of physical existences.
4.1 expression for of one kilogram of mass
STC(kg)=|G| m^3 s^-2
Physical Meaning,One kilogram of mass is a sort of space time structure objectively being consists of 3 dimensional spaces , negative 2 dimensional times and an coefficient of |G| .
4.2 expression for of one Ampere of electric current intensity
STC(A)=√|G| m^3 s^-3
Physical Meaning,One Ampere of electric current intensity is a sort of space time structure objectively being consists of 3 dimensional spaces , negative 3 dimensional times and an coefficient of √|G| .
4.3 expression for of one unit of temperature in Kelvin
STC(K)=22.7773... m^4 s^-4
Physical Meaning,One unit of temperature in Kelvin is a sort of space time structure objectively being consists of 4 dimensional space , negative 4 dimensional time and an coefficient of 22.7773. .

4.4 expression for of one mol of substance amounts
STC(mol)=a m^2 s^-1
where , a represents fine structure constant.

Physical Meaning, One mol of substance amounts is a sort of space time structure objectively being consists of 2 dimensional spaces , negative 1 dimensional time and an coefficient of fine structure constant.
4.5 expression for of one Weber of magnetic flux
STC(Wb)=√|G| m^2 s^-1
Physical Meaning, One Weber of magnetic flux is a sort of space time structure objectively being consists of 2 dimensional spaces , negative 1 dimensional time and an coefficient of √|G|
4.6 expression for of one Tesla of magnetic induction
STC(T)=√|G| m^0 s^-1
Physical Meaning, One Tesla of magnetic induction is a sort of space time structure objectively being consists of 0 dimensional space , negative 1 dimensional time and an coefficient of √|G| .
4.7 expression for of one Coulomb of electric quantity
STC(C)=√|G| m^3 s^-2
Physical Meaning, One Coulomb of electric quantity is a sort of space time structure objectively being consists of 3 dimensional spaces , negative 2 dimensional times and an coefficient of √|G| .
4.8 expression for of one Volt of electric pressure
STC(V)=√|G| m^2 s^-2
Physical Meaning, One Volt of electric pressure is a sort of space time structure objectively being consists of 2 dimensional spaces , negative 2 dimensional times and an coefficient of √|G| .
4.9 expression for of one Farad of electric capacity quantity
STC(F)=m^1 s^0
Physical Meaning, One Farad of electric capacity quantity is a sort of space time structure objectively being consists of 1 dimensional space , 0 dimensional time and an coefficient of 1.
4.10 expression for of one Hertz of frequency
STC(Hz)=m^0 s^-1
Physical Meaning, One Hertz of frequencyis a sort of space time structure objectively being consists of 0 dimensional space , negative 1 dimensional time and an coefficient of 1.
4.11 expression for of one Watt of power
STC(W)=|G| m^5 s^-5
Physical Meaning,OneWatt of power is a sort of space time structure objectively being consists of 5 dimensional spaces , negative 5 dimensional times and an coefficient of |G| .
4.12 expression for of one Newton of force
STC(N)=|G| m^4 s^-4
Physical Meaning,OneNewton of force is a sort of space time structure objectively being consists of 4 dimensional spaces , negative 4 dimensional times and an coefficient of |G| .
4.13 expression for of one Ohm of resistance
STC()= m^-1 s^1
Physical Meaning,OneOhm of resistance is a sort of space time structure objectively being consists of negative 1 dimensional space, 1 dimensional time and an coefficient of 1 .
4.14 expression for of one unit of angular momentum
STC(j)=|G| m^5 s^-3
Physical Meaning,One unit of angular momentum is a sort of space time structure objectively being consists of 5 dimensional spaces , negative 3 dimensional times and an coefficient of |G| .
(To be continued)

4. 4.15 expression for of one unit of entropy
STC(S)=[|NA| *10^-23 / a^-1 ] m^1 s^0
where , |NA| is modulus of Avogaro constant , a is fine structure constant.

Physical Meaning,One unit of entropy is a sort of space time structure objectively being consists of numbers of 1 dimensional space , 0 dimensional time and an coefficient of |NA| *10^-23 / a^-1 .
4.16 expression for of one unit of momentum
STC(p)=|G| m^4 s^-3
Physical Meaning,One unit of momentum is a sort of space time structure objectively being consists of 4 dimensional spaces , negative 3 dimensional times and an coefficient of |G| .
4.17 expression for of one unit of electric field strength
STC(E)=√|G| m^1 s^-2
Physical Meaning, One unit of electric field strength is a sort of space time structure objectively being consists of 1 dimensional space , negative 2 dimensional times and an coefficient of √|G| .
4.18 expression for of one unit of magnetic field strength
STC(H)=√|G| m^2 s^-3
Physical Meaning, One unit of magnetic field strength is a sort of space time structure objectively being consists of 2 dimensional spaces , negative 3 dimensional times and an coefficient of√|G| .
4.18 expression for of one unit of velocity
STC(v)= m^1 s^-1
Physical Meaning, One unit of velocity is a sort of space time structure objectively being consists of 1 dimensional space , negative 1 dimensional time and an coefficient of 1.
4.19 expression for of one unit of acceleration
STC(v)= m^1 s^-2
Physical Meaning, One unit of acceleration is a sort of space time structure objectively being consists of 1 dimensional space , negative 2 dimensional times and an coefficient of 1.
4.20 expression for of one Joule of energy
STC(J)=|G| m^5 s^-4
Physical Meaning,One Joule of energy is a sort of space time structure objectively being consists of 5 dimensional spaces , negative 4 dimensional times and an coefficient of |G| .
4.21 expression for of gravitational constant
STC(G)= m^0 s^0 =1
Physical Meaning,Gravitational constant is a sort of space time structure objectively being consists of 0 dimensional space , 0 dimensional time, and it is physical form for figure of 1.
4.22 expression for of Planck constant
STC(h)=|h| |G| m^5 s^-3
Physical Meaning,Planck constant is a sort of space time structure objectively being consists of |h|numbers of 5 dimensional spaces , negative 3 dimensional times and an coefficient of |G| .
4.23 expression for of Boltzmann constant
STC(kB)=|kB| [|NA| *10^-23 / a^-1 ] m^1 s^0
where, |kB| represents modulus of Boltzmann constant.
Physical Meaning,Boltzmann constant is a sort of space time structure objectively being consists of |kB| numbers of 1 dimensional space , 0 dimensional time and an coefficient of |NA| *10^-23 / a^-1 .

Full Text
can be seen at
No.52 Presentation in Physics
Rule of STC(dimA) of Physical Units
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5. Originally Posted by zhang zhi qiang
Rule of Space Time Configuration of Physical Units
---Axiomatic System of Physics (2)

Zhiqiang Zhang
dlxinzhigao@163.com
Written in May.8th,2011

Abstract
All kinds of physical existences appointed by physical units or physical quantities possess an common physical form inherently that is space time structure , being consists of specific numbers of dimensional spaces , specific numbers of dimensional times and an unique coefficient.

Space time structure of physical existences can be identically and universally expressed by rule of space time configuration of physical units. Such expression is of one and only, but not exclusive for other physical units in several cases. It is so called fully-designated logistic expression of physical existence. .
This paper presents rule of space time configuration of physical units, calculating methods of space time configuration(STC) , STC expression of physical quantity , and interpretation to STC(dimA) for 25 physical units and physical quantities individually.
Keywords
Rule of space time configuration Space time Structure Sign-designated expression of physical unit fully-designated expression of physical unit

1, Rule of STC(dimA) of Physical Units
Every physical existence appointed by an physical units generally symbolized by possesses an common physical form inherently that is space time structure .
Space time structure of all physical existences can be identically and universally expressed by space time configuration of the physical units,that is, rule of STC(dimA) of physical units , which says
STC(dimA) = B m^a s^-b
where, B is an coefficient and B≥|G|=6.6745786383860966... *10^-11 ；
m represents one dimensional space or length unit ;
s represents one dimensional time or time unit;
a,b=-5,-4,-3,-2,-1,0,1,2,3,4,5 .

2, Three Methods to Calculate
By G gauges of physical units , there are three ways to pin down space time configuration for an certain physical existence.
2.1 Method by Physical Constant
Assumption of gauge of six basic physical unit introduced in the work ofAxiom of Physics --- G Gauge would be equivalent to such result in terms of value as
.................................................. .......................

2.2 Method by Relations between Basic Units and Derived Units
Physical relations between basic units and derived units have been verified through lots of physical experiments in physics , and the most reliable results in physics. To make use of these results is another effective way to figure out of derived units. Such as ,
.................................................. ............................
2.3 Method by STV(dimA)
.................................................. .......................

3, Logistic Expressions of Physical Quantity
An physical existence is usually appointed by an physical quantity whose logistic expression is commonly as below
A =|A|dimA
Where , |A| represents modulus of physical quantity of A ;
dimA represents physical unit of the physical quantity of A
Called such expression as sign-designated logistic expression of the physical quantity.
Thanks to discovery of space time structure of physical existences and with help of rule of STC(dimA) , now another logistic expression of physical quantity, which is universally applicable to all kinds of physical existences , emerge itself as below
STC(A) =|A| B m^a s^-b
Where |A| represents modulus of physical quantity of A
Bm^a s^-b represents space time configuration of an physical unit dimA
Called such expression as fully-designated logistic expression of physical quantity.

4, Interpretation to STC(dimA) and STC(A)
(to be continued)
I do not see your primitive definitions of space and time.

What are they?

6. In another paper written in Chinese , definition for both spaces and times have been made in terms of dimensional spaces and dimensional times.
Title and abstract of the paper are introduced herein :
Two Common Physical Characteristics for Physical Realities and Its Expression
Author Zhiqiang Zhang
Dalian , Chnia
dlxinzhigao@163.com
Abstract
This paper expound in detail to 1st inference , 4th inference and 5th inference of axiom of physics.All kinds of physical realities has an common physical form so called space time structure inherently possessing two sorts of common physical characteristics , which can be expressed by rule of space time configuration and rule of space time value of physical unit respectively . Such mathematical expression apply to all physical realities in terms of description in physics over them.

In the paper , 25 special cases of space time configuration are contributed to space time structure of physical unit or physical quantitities as well.
Keywords
Axiom of physics 1st common characteristics of physical reality 2nd common characteristics of physical reality Space time structure Space time configuration Space time value Physical element Elementary physical element Composite physical element
Dimensional space Dimensional time

You can refer to
No.58 Presentation in Physics
Two Common Physical Characteristics for Physical Realities and Its Expression
å›½å®¶ç§‘æŠ€å›¾ä¹¦æ–‡çŒ®ä¸*å¿ƒ

I would like to translate those contents related in the paper that define space and time as below :

Elementary Physical Elements

The first category of elementary physical element ---
Dimensional Space
Definition of dimensional spaces:
m^a
where , m represents one unit of 1st. dimensional space ( one unit of length) ;
a =-5,-4,-3,-2,-1,0,1,2,3,4,5
By this definition , there would be total of 11 sorts of dimensional spaces . Given m^0=1 , thus ,
it can be considered there exist 10 sorts of dimensional spaces . Furthermore , since m^-a = 1 / m^a ,
so it can be considered those 5 sorts of dimensional spaces with negative exponent are physical existences
transformed from these with postive exponent.

The second category of elementary physical element --- Dimensional Times
Definition of dimensional times:
s^b
where , s represents one unit of 1st. dimensional time ( one unit of time) ;
b =-5,-4,-3,-2,-1,0,1,2,3,4,5
By this definition , there would be total of 11 sorts of dimensional times . Given s^0=1 , thus ,
it can be considered there exist 10 sorts of dimensional times . Furthermore , since s^-b = 1 / s^b ,
so it can be considered these 5 sorts of dimensional times with negative exponent are physical existences
transformed from those with postive exponent.

7. Originally Posted by zhang zhi qiang
In another paper written in Chinese , definition for both spaces and times have been made in terms of dimensional spaces and dimensional times.
Title and abstract of the paper are introduced herein :
Two Common Physical Characteristics for Physical Realities and Its Expression
Author Zhiqiang Zhang
Dalian , Chnia
dlxinzhigao@163.com
Abstract
This paper expound in detail to 1st inference , 4th inference and 5th inference of axiom of physics.All kinds of physical realities has an common physical form so called space time structure inherently possessing two sorts of common physical characteristics , which can be expressed by rule of space time configuration and rule of space time value of physical unit respectively . Such mathematical expression apply to all physical realities in terms of description in physics over them.

In the paper , 25 special cases of space time configuration are contributed to space time structure of physical unit or physical quantitities as well.
Keywords
Axiom of physics 1st common characteristics of physical reality 2nd common characteristics of physical reality Space time structure Space time configuration Space time value Physical element Elementary physical element Composite physical element
Dimensional space Dimensional time

You can refer to
No.58 Presentation in Physics
Two Common Physical Characteristics for Physical Realities and Its Expression
å›½å®¶ç§‘æŠ€å›¾ä¹¦æ–‡çŒ®ä¸*å¿ƒ

I would like to translate those contents related in the paper that define space and time as below :

Elementary Physical Elements

The first category of elementary physical element ---
Dimensional Space
Definition of dimensional spaces:
m^a
where , m represents one unit of 1st. dimensional space ( one unit of length) ;
a =-5,-4,-3,-2,-1,0,1,2,3,4,5
By this definition , there would be total of 11 sorts of dimensional spaces . Given m^0=1 , thus ,
it can be considered there exist 10 sorts of dimensional spaces . Furthermore , since m^-a = 1 / m^a ,
so it can be considered those 5 sorts of dimensional spaces with negative exponent are physical existences
transformed from these with postive exponent.

The second category of elementary physical element --- Dimensional Times
Definition of dimensional times:
s^b
where , s represents one unit of 1st. dimensional time ( one unit of time) ;
b =-5,-4,-3,-2,-1,0,1,2,3,4,5
By this definition , there would be total of 11 sorts of dimensional times . Given s^0=1 , thus ,
it can be considered there exist 10 sorts of dimensional times . Furthermore , since s^-b = 1 / s^b ,
so it can be considered these 5 sorts of dimensional times with negative exponent are physical existences
transformed from those with postive exponent.

Yea, I have seen m dimensional spaces, which cannot be proven, but I have not see b dimensions of time.

So, let's see your clock sync method for each of these b dimensions of time.

8. Obviously due to barrier of language , you miss the point emphasized in No.58 Presentation .

The 4th dimensional space and the 5th dimensional space are utterly different from the other 3 kinds of dimensional spaces in terms of physical characteristcs , they no longer have physical meaning of conventional space , they are physical elements , being solely or combined with dimensional times or negative dimensional times , to construct space time structure of some kinds of physical existences exampled the above ;
The 2nd dimensional time and ,the 3th dimensional time, the 4th dimensional time and the the 5th dimensional time are utterly different from one dimensional time (time) in terms of physical characteristcs , they no longer have physical meaning of conventional time , they are physical elements , being solely or combined with dimensional spaces or negative dimensional spaces , to construct space time structure of some kinds of physical existences exampled the above.

All kinds of physical existence possess its unique space time structure , and could be identically expressed by space time configuration , that is ,
STC(dimA)=B m^a s^-b and STC(A)=|A| B m^a s^-b

Such updated expression for physical units and physical quantities have made great changes in physics , I shall introduce some of the results little by litttle.

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