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Thread: E = mc2 = m(c/cos0)2

  1. #1 E = mc2 = m(c/cos0)2 
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    E = mc2 = m(c/cos0)2
    By Suhail Jalbout

    Nothing can travel faster than the speed of light; the Theory of Relativity tells us. I think that it is possible for a single pulse of light energy, transmitted at random, to do just that if projected on an incline. The speed of each projected pulse will travel faster than the speed of light. I am not certain whether my analysis is purely a mathematical exercise or whether it has important theoretical and practical implications. I leave this in the hands of the experts.

    Here are the equations that support my theory.

    A. SPEED

    Let c = the speed of the light energy pulse from the source (the speed of light)
    V = the speed of the projected pulse on the incline
    Ø = the angle between the direction of propagation of the pulse from the source and the incline

    Then, the speed of the projected pulse is: V = c / cos Ø ………………equation (1)

    When Ø approaches 0°, cos Ø = 1 and when Ø approaches 90°, cos Ø = 0.
    Substituting these numbers in equation (1) gives:

     cos Ø = 1 , V = c
     cos Ø = 0 , V = ∞

    B. ENERGY

    The energy of the projected pulse is:

    E = mV2 = m(c/cosØ)2

     cos Ø = 1 , E = mc2
     cos Ø = 0 , E = ∞

    C. SPECIAL RELATIVITY EQUATIONS

     cos Ø = 1 and speed c, Time Dilation = T = t₀ x 0 = 0
     cos Ø = 0 and speed ∞, “Time Dilation” = T = t₀
     cos Ø = 1 and speed c, Length Contraction = L = l₀ x 0 = 0
     cos Ø = 0 and speed ∞, “Length Contraction” = L = l₀
     cos Ø = 1 and speed c, Relativistic Mass = M = m₀ x ∞ = ∞
     cos Ø = 0 and speed ∞, “Relativistic Mass” = M = m₀

    In conclusion, there are two special cases relevant to the change in the values of angle Ø from 0° to 90° :

    a. If Ø approaches 0°, cos Ø = 1 : the speed of propagation is equal to the speed of light and nothing will travel faster than this speed.
    b. If Ø approaches 90°, cos Ø = 0 : the speed of propagation is infinite and travel is instantaneous without any changes to the steady state conditions of time, length and mass.


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  3. #2  
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    I wish to add the following:

    If matter cannot be converted into light energy, then the energy equation in section (B) above is as follows:

    Let

    e = the energy of the light pulse from the source
    E = the energy of the projected pulse on the incline
    Ø= the angle between them

    Then, the energy of the projected pulse is: E = e / cosØ ……………………….. equation (2)

     cos Ø = 1 , E = e
     cos Ø = 0 , E = ∞


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  4. #3  
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    I wish to add more information.

    1. I have named this theory "THE INCLINE ANGLE THEORY"

    2. POSSIBLE APPLICATION

    A pulse of light energy zooming above a black hole will change its horizontal direction of propagation towards the black hole. This is equivalent of having the pulse projected on an incline. The speed of the pulse on the incline is : V=c/cosØ.

     cos Ø = 1 , V = c : the pulse will continue its propagation undisturbed
     cos Ø = 0 , V = ∞ : the pulse will enter the black hole at infinite speed and will never be seen again. Possibly this is the reason why light cannot emerge from a BH because it is not there anymore.
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  5. #4  
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    I am pleased to post the latest version of my article

    FASTER THAN LIGHT – THE INCLINE ANGLE THEORY
    BY SUHAIL JALBOUT

    Nothing can travel faster than the speed of light; the Theory of Relativity tells us. I think that it is possible for a single pulse of light energy, transmitted at random, to do just that if projected on an incline. I believe that in such a case the speed of each projected pulse will travel faster than the speed of light. I am not certain whether my analysis is purely a mathematical exercise or whether it has important theoretical and practical implications. I leave this in the hands of the experts.

    Here are the equations that support my theory.

    A. SPEED

    Let
    c = the speed of the light energy pulse from the source (the speed of light)
    V = the speed of the projected pulse on the incline
    Ø = the angle between the direction of propagation of the pulse from the source and the incline

    Then, the speed of the projected pulse is:

    V = c / cos Ø ………………………………………….............…equation (1)

    When Ø approaches 0°, cos Ø = 1 and
    when Ø approaches 90°, cos Ø = 0.

    Substituting these numbers in equation (1) gives:

     cos Ø = 1, V = c
     cos Ø = 0, V = ∞

    B. ENERGY

    Let
    e = the energy of the light pulse from the source
    E = the energy of the projected pulse on the incline
    Ø = the angle between them

    Then, the energy of the projected pulse is:

    E = e / cosØ ………………………………………………….............equation (2)

     cos Ø = 1, E = e
     cos Ø = 0, E= ∞

    C. SPECIAL INCLINE ANGLE EQUATIONS

    a. “Time Dilation” = T = t₀ [1 – cos Ø ²]¹′² …………..…equation (3)

     cos Ø = 1, T = 0
     cos Ø = 0, T = t₀

    b. “Length Contraction” = L = l₀ [1 – cos Ø ²]¹′² ….…equation (4)

     cos Ø = 1, L = 0
     cos Ø = 0, L = l₀

    c. “Relativistic Mass” = M = m₀ / [1 – cos Ø ²]¹′²…….equation (5)

     cos Ø = 1, M = ∞
     cos Ø = 0, M = m₀

    D. CONCLUSION

    In conclusion, there are two special cases relevant to the change in the values of angle Ø from 0° to 90°:

    a. If Ø approaches 0°, cos Ø = 1; the speed of propagation is equal to the speed of light and nothing will travel faster than this speed.
    b. If Ø approaches 90°, cos Ø = 0; the speed of propagation is infinite and travel is instantaneous without any changes to the steady state conditions of time, length, and mass.

    E. POSSIBLE APPLICATIONS

    a. A pulse of light energy zooming above a black hole will change its horizontal direction of propagation towards the black hole. This is equivalent to having the pulse projected on an incline. The speed of the pulse on the incline is: V=c/cosØ. Hence,
     cos Ø = 1 , V = c; the pulse will continue its propagation undisturbed

     cos Ø = 0 , V = ∞ ; the pulse will enter the black hole at infinite speed and will never be seen again. This is possibly the reason why light cannot emerge from a BH; how can it when it is not there anymore!

    b. A pulse of electromagnetic or communication signal will enter a black hole at infinite speed if projected at cos Ø = 0. Assuming data can be compacted on a single pulse, black holes can then be used as transporters of instantaneous information. At last there may be a possible use for black holes.

    c. It is quite possible that the incline angle theory may explain the cosmic coupling phenomenon. From the following review, it is possible that the two subatomic particles are coupled or connected or “entangled” with one another because cos Ø = 0.

    .................................................. .................................................. ...................

    Editorial Reviews of the Book: “Entanglement: the Greatest Mystery in Physics” by Dr. Amir Aczel

    From Publishers Weekly

    In his newest book, Aczel (Fermat's Last Theorem) discusses a great mystery in physics: the concept of entanglement in quantum physics. He begins by explaining that "entanglement" occurs when two subatomic particles are somehow connected or "entangled" with one another, so that when something happens to one particle, the same thing simultaneously happens to the other particle, even if it's miles away. However, this concept violates the theory of special relativity, since communication between two places cannot occur faster than the speed of light. Einstein knew that the mathematics of quantum theory predicted that this could happen, but he didn't believe it. In the last decade, researchers have shown in laboratory experiments that entanglement does indeed happen, and in one case it occurred over a distance of almost 10 miles. Aczel explores how a Star Trek-like teleportation may be possible via entanglement (however, a particle's quantum state, not the entire particle, is teleported to its mate), though perhaps at the expense of demonstrating entanglement's more real-world applications to cryptography. General readers may need to skim over his technical explanations, whereas more advanced readers will be interested in only the last third of the book. While the book won't satisfy dedicated science buffs, it will be an accessible entry into this concept of quantum physics.
    Copyright 2002 Reed Business Information, Inc.

    From Library Journal

    "Entanglement" is one of the more remarkable aspects of quantum mechanics, a field that has produced a number of counterintuitive phenomena. Entangled particles are created in the same process and retain a connection even if they become far separated physically. If a change is later imposed on one of these particles, then there instantaneously occurs a change with its entangled partner, even if that partner is very far away in another part of the universe. Thus, the news of the change is transmitted with infinite velocity by an unknown means. Einstein aptly referred to this phenomenon as "spooky." In recent decades, researchers have shown entanglement to be a physical fact, thereby vindicating quantum mechanics, spooky though it may be. Aczel (Fermat's Last Theorem) tells most of this story at a pace that is slow enough and understandable for lay readers, but the last few chapters are more technical. Some sections read awkwardly and would have benefited from better editing, but on the whole this is recommended for college and large public libraries.
    Jack W. Weigel, Ann Arbor, MI
    Copyright 2002 Reed Business Information, Inc.

    Product Description

    Since cyberspace became reality, the lines between "science" and "science fiction" have become increasingly blurred. Now, quantum mechanics promises that some of humanity's wildest dreams may be realized. Serious scientists, working from Einstein's theories, have been investigating the phenomenon known as "entanglement," one of the strangest aspects of our strange universe. According to Einstein, quantum mechanics required entanglement — the idea that subatomic particles could become linked, and that a change to one such particle would instantly be reflected in its counterpart, even if separated by a universe. Einstein felt that if quantum theory could produce such bizarre effects, then it had to be invalid. But new experiments show that not only does it happen, but that it may lead to unbreakable codes, and even teleportation, perhaps in our lifetime.
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  6. #5  
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    Since I have published the subject theory in my book “Nine Universe Mysteries”, the persistent question asked by readers and colleges revolved around its benefit to man. My answer to this question is as follows: If this theory can be applied, then teleportation from earth to any point in our universe becomes feasible, at infinite speed, and without any change to the initial conditions.

    Let assume that man was able to teleport objects at the speed of light. Even though this achievement would be fantastic, it has limitations. The application will be limited to transporting objects within our solar system. If man wants to teleport objects to a planet that orbits a star thousands of light-years away from our sun, it will take thousands of years to reach its destination. This means that even though objects can be teleported at the speed of light, the field of application will be limited to within our solar system. However, if teleportation can be achieved by using the incline angle theory, then any point in the universe can be reached instantaneously by man.
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  7. #6  
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    If what is recently claimed that neutrinos travel faster than the speed of light,[1] then the validity of this OP theory could be approaching reality. This means that E=m(c/cos Ø)2.

    [1] www.msnbc.msn.com/.../t/neutrinos- United States- clocked-moving-fa... - -
    [1] www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-15017484
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  8. #7  
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    What exactly do you mean by "incline" ? Photons do not require any physical medium to propagate, they follow a curved line through spacetime as determined by a given Riemannian metric. There are no "inclines" in space-time. Sorry, but your concept does not make physical sense.
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