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Thread: Are the electrons moving like this in conductor with current

  1. #1 Are the electrons moving like this in conductor with current 
    Forum Bachelors Degree
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    Are the electrons moving like this in conductor with current? I mean are they jumping from atom to atom (roughly said)? Why they are jumping from outer orbital to outer orbital when all outer orbitals in all of the atoms in conductor have same energy? Look the picture. Imagine that, the electron is jumping from atom to atom (infinite number of atoms). Look at the picture.


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  3. #2  
    Forum Senior anand_kapadia's Avatar
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    NO. THE METAL CONDUCTOR eg that of aluminium consist of sea of electrons which are available due to the loose binding of the valence electrons .Due to theses delocalised electrons ,the applied potential difference causes the negative charges to move from -ve to +ve plate.


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  4. #3  
    Forum Bachelors Degree
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    91, Your picture does not represent the atoms in an electrical conductor. Metals conduct electricity because metallic crystal has free electrons not bound to the nucleus of any one atom. As anand said, there is a sea of electrons and they are able to drift through the conductor in response to the electric force.
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