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Thread: Would you please help me with society terms?

  1. #1 Would you please help me with society terms? 
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    But can men be forced to defend the liberty of any one among them, without trespassing on that of others? And how can they provide for the public needs, without alienating the individual property of those who are forced to contribute to them?

    The first and most important rule of legitimate or popular g : GMAT Reading Comprehension (RC)

    Would anybody kindly explain me what the sentence above means?- I have just read it for more than 10 times and got some understandings.




    And, concerning the sentences below, what does "common needs" mean?


    1. We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, [meaning common needs that do not conflict with the development of the work ethic and personal self-reliance]



    2.Look into the motives which have induced men, once united by their common needs in a general society, to unite themselves still more intimately by means of civil societies: you will find no other motive than that of assuring the property, life and liberty of each member by the protection of all

    Many thanks


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  3. #2  
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    "But can men be forced to defend the liberty of any one among them, without trespassing on that of others?"

    In order for individuals to have freedom, their freedom must be defended. For example, they may need to be defended from criminals or invading armies. However, in order to provide this defense of freedom, it may be necessary to trespass, or infringe, the freedom of the members of society. For example, people may be drafted into an army. Being drafted into an army is a limitation or infringement of the individual's freedom.

    "And how can they provide for the public needs, without alienating the individual property of those who are forced to contribute to them? "

    An example of a public need would be the need for public roads. In order to build a road, the government is sometimes required to purchase private property, and if someone did not want to sell their property, it can be taken by force. This is called eminent domain, and is an example of alienation of individual property. Also, the government has to collect taxes, which involves taking the property of individuals to provide for a public need.

    "promote the general Welfare, [meaning common needs that do not conflict with the development of the work ethic and personal self-reliance] "

    This is a controversial part of the preamble to the U. S. Constitution. Common needs are anything that the government is authorized to collect taxes and pay for. As discussed above, the collection of taxes is a necessary infringement on the property rights of individuals, so the definition of "common needs" is often in dispute.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Welfare_clause

    "2.Look into the motives which have induced men, once united by their common needs in a general society, to unite themselves still more intimately by means of civil societies: you will find no other motive than that of assuring the property, life and liberty of each member by the protection of all "

    The author of this sentence believes that people who want to form a government or want a powerful government are only motivated by the desire to protect the life and liberty of all members of a society. This is an optimistic viewpoint, as there could be other motivations such as using the power of government for personal gain.


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  4. #3  
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    Thank you so much.

    However, would you possibly explain the following in more details? or paraphrase it in some way, so that I can find each part of the sentence?

    For instance, I really can not understand what the followings mean?

    0. Public needs VS. Common needs

    1. Once

    2.General society

    3. once united by their common needs in a general society

    4. to unite themselves still more intimately by means of civil societies

    5.
    than that of assuring the property, life and liberty of each member by the protection of all "
    Look into the motives which have induced men, once united by their common needs in a general society, to unite themselves still more intimately by means of civil societies: you will find no other motive than that of assuring the property, life and liberty of each member by the protection of all "
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