Notices
Results 1 to 4 of 4

Thread: How has Utilitarianism Developed?

  1. #1 How has Utilitarianism Developed? 
    Forum Senior Booms's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Location
    The perceptual schematic known as earth
    Posts
    361
    sorry, I realise homework questions are frowned on here but I'm stumped. (more importantly it's overdue so I can't ask teach for help )


    I'm supposed to have written an essay on Utilitarianism
    A is fine, "What are the main disadvantages of utilitarianism?" I've got two pages on it, quotes and everything (although feel free to give me more )

    I'm stuck on B "To what extent have developments in the theory made it more acceptable"
    I don't know where to begin, what developments have even been made? who made them? where can I find out?

    please help





    Booms


    It's not how many questions you ask, but the answers you get - Booms

    This is the Acadamy of Science! we don't need to 'prove' anything!
    Reply With Quote  
     

  2.  
     

  3. #2  
    Time Lord
    Join Date
    Apr 2008
    Posts
    5,328
    Didn't economists (and therefore politicians and businesspeople) embrace it as utility?


    A pong by any other name is still a pong. -williampinn
    Reply With Quote  
     

  4. #3  
    Forum Professor sunshinewarrior's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2007
    Location
    London
    Posts
    1,525
    Bentham started out with a simple "greatest happiness of the greatest number"

    Mill developed it into types of happiness, so as to distinguish what he thought were 'higher' types and so on.

    Rule Utilitarianism (actually originally propounded by Hume, but made more formal later), also added to the theory by positing the notions of rules that ought not to be violated except in extreme circumstances, thereby making it possible for utilitarians to be on the same side as, say, a Bill of Rights.

    You can probably look up 'modern' utilitarian philosophers on wiki to find out more - particularly utilitarian reactions to Rawls' A Theory of Justice, which provided an impetus to philosophical ethical theory in 1971, and brought all the utilitarians and libertarians out of the woodwork, swinging!

    I have also heard modern professional philosophers speaking of 'flourishing' as a formulation instead of 'happiness', which would be a further theoretical development.

    But even if these are cues for you, you will need to look them up yourself: we do have homework rules after all!
    Reply With Quote  
     

  5. #4  
    Forum Senior Booms's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Location
    The perceptual schematic known as earth
    Posts
    361
    Quote Originally Posted by sunshinewarrior
    Bentham started out with a simple "greatest happiness of the greatest number"

    Mill developed it into types of happiness, so as to distinguish what he thought were 'higher' types and so on.

    Rule Utilitarianism (actually originally propounded by Hume, but made more formal later), also added to the theory by positing the notions of rules that ought not to be violated except in extreme circumstances, thereby making it possible for utilitarians to be on the same side as, say, a Bill of Rights.

    You can probably look up 'modern' utilitarian philosophers on wiki to find out more - particularly utilitarian reactions to Rawls' A Theory of Justice, which provided an impetus to philosophical ethical theory in 1971, and brought all the utilitarians and libertarians out of the woodwork, swinging!

    I have also heard modern professional philosophers speaking of 'flourishing' as a formulation instead of 'happiness', which would be a further theoretical development.

    But even if these are cues for you, you will need to look them up yourself: we do have homework rules after all!


    many thanks, this was what I was looking for
    (and of course, it'd very much miss the point if I just got the answers here )
    It's not how many questions you ask, but the answers you get - Booms

    This is the Acadamy of Science! we don't need to 'prove' anything!
    Reply With Quote  
     

Bookmarks
Bookmarks
Posting Permissions
  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •