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Thread: Optical Voting Machine

  1. #1 Optical Voting Machine 
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    In India, we are using EVM Electronic Voting Machines for voting. It consists of a Ballot Unit and a Control Unit. Recently we have installed one device called VVPAT that sits beside BU. BU has a list of contesting candidates pasted on it for the voter to choose from and vote by pressing one of the buttons attached to the names of the candidate of his choice. When the voter presses the button of his choice, the VVPAT prints the name and symbol of the voterís candidate on a small piece of paper that can be seen by the voter for few seconds.
    Then his vote is collected in the control unit.
    Decision of add-on VVPAT to the EVM is a political outcome and is not going to enhance its present-day trustworthiness anymore. Critics have already started doubting about the additional benefits of VVPAT fitted EVM that runs on the common software.
    While VVPAT is designed to serve as a check on EMV machine, it relies on the same proprietary programming and electronics to produce the paper audit trail. VVPAT is labor-intensive and time consuming. Manual recount of the paper trail will be expensive for the candidates, seeking it.
    Election commission, having confidence in EVMs will always be evading the labor-intensive and time consuming paper trail recounting and hence more and more defeated candidates will be demanding the recounting only to be rejected so as to raise doubts in the minds of the voters.
    Thus the election commissionís failure to restore credibility to the VVPAT fitted EVM will be manipulated by the defeated candidates.
    To create voter confidence in election process, it is necessary that we employ two separate vote recording systems. EVM is a technology where a voterís voting moment is captured electronically. My additional vote recording system will capture that same voting moment differently: optically.


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  3. #2  
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    Below is the photograph of the prototype of my new invention 'OVM Optical Voting Machine'


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    I cannot upload the photographs of the OVM and the photographs of the voters' fingers pressing the buttons on the Ballot Unit.
    Anyway my OVM idea is as simple as my all ideas.

    Voting moment: An action-packed event

    When a voter votes on the electronic voting machine and exits the polling booth, he is convinced of the performance of the EVM machine that has facilitated him to press a button for a candidate of his choice. When he pressed the button of his choice the red bulb attached to the same button was lighted up along with a bell ringing for a moment. This response was as if his voting moment was celebrated by the EVM machine competently and instantly with the lighting of a correct red bulb and ringing of the bell. He is satisfied that the EVM machine has recorded his vote correctly. This much happened during that brief period between him and the EVM machine. He witnessed the optical display of his vote (lighted red bulb) with satisfaction. There cannot be more convincing evidence for him except witnessing the registration of his voting.
    My idea suggests to capture the Ballot Unit with a lighted bulb in a photograph. Capture the voting moment. As simple as that.
    And thus the OVM becomes world's only foolproof Voting System that cannot be hacked at all.
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    Time Lord Paleoichneum's Avatar
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    What exactly makes bell and lights fool proof?

    If any of the information is recorded digitally, it can be altered or hacked.
    If more of us valued food and cheer and song above hoarded gold, it would be a merrier world. -Thorin Oakenshield

    The needs of the many outweigh the need of the few - Spock of Vulcan & Sentinel Prime of Cybertron ---proof that "the needs" are in the eye of the beholder.
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  8. #7  
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    Quote Originally Posted by Paleoichneum View Post
    What exactly makes bell and lights fool proof?

    If any of the information is recorded digitally, it can be altered or hacked.
    Thank you Paleoichneum.

    I am aware of the digital IT limitations. I have read quite a lot about the hacking incidents taking place in US elections also. Below are few of the web links I have gone through.

    https://www.npr.org/2019/09/04/75506...ction-machines

    https://www.bbc.com/news/election-us-2020-54959962

    Well, I am not challenging the hackers. I am just keeping them away at least from one of the two vote recording devices.

    OVM and EVM are two separate and standalone vote recording devices. They need to be made in thousands of numbers. Only for the election purpose they are brought together. The two are randomly picked up to work together at any one polling station.

    The combo, OVM fitted EVM (DRE machines in US) having different software, creates some options to catch the very first hacked vote.


    1. EVM records the vote in digital form so it can be hacked. But the OVM also records the same vote in optical form and further displays the captured vote (digital photo) on its screen for the voter to view for few seconds and then saves it in a database for instant recount on demand.
    2. This combo also can be made to facilitate cross checking of every vote before saving the same in the appropriate database.

    In 2017 the idea of OVM struck me and then in a couple of months after applying for patent I prepared a prototype with the help of the experts. But recently I came across one link that mentions about one independent verification device that works by capturing the video displayed on the voting machine, so that a separate record exists of which on-screen buttons a voter pushed.

    An extract from a link: https://www.technologyreview.com/200...in-one-minute/

    “…Some companies and researchers have been investigating options for independent verification devices (IVDs)–separate machines that would be attached to each electronic voting device and provide a separate voting record. Roy G. Saltman, a voting technology consultant, recently wrote a paper for the National Institute of Standards and Technology recommending the use of IVD to ‘improve integrity and public confidence in the correctness of reported outcomes.’
    Some IVDs work by capturing the video displayed on the voting machine, so that a separate record exists of which on-screen buttons a voter pushed. Others add another layer of confirming or rejecting voting choices. Another potential system provides a synthesized voice reading to the voter (through headphones) as a confirmation of his or her choices; the voter can hear that votes are being recorded accurately….”

    VVPAT paper trail is far better than capturing the video displayed on the voting machine. Paper trails are printed separately and can be presented as evidence for every casted vote while though video recording can be used as evidence against hacked votes its usage for recount of the votes is limited. Separating the photographs of the voting moments from the video is a difficult task.

    Photographic audit trail is far better than paper trail. Paper trail recount is labor-intensive and time consuming. Manual recount of the paper trail is expensive and prone to error. OVM produces a photographic audit trail for every vote cast. They can be instantly accessed whenever the need arises and facilitate 100% instant recount. Evidential significance of photographic audit trail is well proven.
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  9. #8  
    Time Lord Paleoichneum's Avatar
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    Photographing a persons vote is not legal without their consent, thus disenfranchising millions of voters. Also it may be illegal in some jurisdictions.

    Patents are irrelevant to the viable application of any idea, so you getting a patent in irrelevant.
    If more of us valued food and cheer and song above hoarded gold, it would be a merrier world. -Thorin Oakenshield

    The needs of the many outweigh the need of the few - Spock of Vulcan & Sentinel Prime of Cybertron ---proof that "the needs" are in the eye of the beholder.
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    Quote Originally Posted by Paleoichneum View Post
    Photographing a persons vote is not legal without their consent, thus disenfranchising millions of voters. Also it may be illegal in some jurisdictions.

    Patents are irrelevant to the viable application of any idea, so you getting a patent in irrelevant.
    An extract from the above extract: '…Some IVDs (Independent Verification Devices) work by capturing the video displayed on the voting machine, so that a separate record exists of which on-screen buttons a voter pushed...'
    It means they have been video –graphing your votes by putting a camera aimed at the voting machines and also keeping photographic record of the voting buttons pushed by the voters’ fingers. This is happening at least for last 20 years.
    It means either you are misinterpreting the legal aspect of the matter or the voting machine companies are illegally capturing the videos of voters’ fingers pushing the buttons.
    One voting company in US gives a pen to the voter to fill up voting form. As the voter starts writing, the pen starts video-graphing the paper being written on thus photographing his vote. Do you know this?
    So in my opinion, you should check if you have right information about it.
    About patents being irrelevant? Are they always irrelevant or only my patents are irrelevant? Please explain.
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    Paleoichneum,
    Are you alright? For a whole week you haven’t been on the forum.
    You say the patents are irrelevant to the viable application….
    Instead you should have said- new idea comes out of the old ideas.
    When an invention is realized in the physical form, this physical form comes out of the combination of other necessary and relevant ideas. Some of these ideas happen to be in reality outdated patented inventions and some of the ideas still come under present intellectual property rights.
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  12. #11  
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    Paleoichneum,

    At last you ran away from the moral responsibility of honestly accepting the mistake of putting incorrect information on this forum only to dampen the credibility of my patent.
    The potential acceptability of my patent on the global level can be tremendous.

    Every vote casted in the randomly coupled OVM fitted EVM is transformed in 3 different forms. The combo facilitates 3 layered protection to every casted vote.

    On the counting day,

    1. Voting machine votes will be counted digitally.
    2. Votes in the form of digital images in each OVM will also be counted digitally and independently.
    3. The voting moment images will be shown on the big digital screens for public visual inspection and 100% visual recount.


    OVM is the answer to the quest of all the voting technology scientists and researchers world over searching for some independent verification devices that would independently record the vote casted by the voter on the electronic voting device.
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