Why 1/137

For the Fine-Structure Constant

And not 1/2

The size of the one and only universe,

This being its only boundary condition,

Is that of a 4D finite hypercube

Of quadric space made of infinite 3D spaces

Sitting atop one another,

Governs the quantization of energy forms,

Taking the form of Planck’s constant for light,

And being the reason for elementary particles

Having the same magnitude of unit charge.

Charge (q) is responsible for the Coulomb force:

Fq = q^2 / 4*pi*e0*r^2

Where e0 is a constant known

As the permitivity of free space.

The ratio of the Coulomb strength

To Planck’s constant (hc)

Is called the fine structure constant, 1/137.

One might think that it should be 1/2

Since photons are complete,

Having an inherent positive and negative

That sums to neutrality,

The polarity only showing forth

When an electron and a positron are produced,

Whereas a matter particle

Is always an incomplete form having either

A positive or a negative charge.

The reason this is not the case

Is because, unlike Plank’s constant,

The Coulomb’s force strength

Is not a direct assessment of unit polarity volume,

For it is but a byproduct of unit polar volume

Just as electrostatic potential energy

Is a byproduct of rest energy.

A photon’s hypervolume is geometrically closed,

While a matter particle’s unit polar volume is open;

So, a matter particle’s net polarity

Prevents the spacial encapsulation

Of its 4th dimensional elevation of deflection,

It thus being a distributional boundary condition,

A family of relationships,

time = unit polar volume of charge / volume.

Photons are the encapsulation of time by space,

While matter particle fields are

The encapsulation of space by time;

Thus their radically different properties.

Space is continuous and causal.

The reason why a matter particle’s

Central deflection of elevation in time

Diminishes with distance is because

External deflection is governed by

A dimensional relationship

Between time and space

In 4D space-time and this relationship

Is a constant.

Spacial deflection attenuates

Due to increasing volume because

Spatial volume causes this attenuation.

Herein lies the meaning of charge.

The Coulomb's force increases

With the amount of external deflection,

But it is not simply a case

Of a maximum deflection somewhere in space,

But is a combination of deflection and volume,

And this determines the deflection

At any given range.

A matter particle distribution

Consists of an infinite number

Of concentric spherical surfaces

With 4th-dimensional elevation

Scaled by their volume and unit polar volume.

Matter particles are radically symmetrical,

So the volume element of their

Field distribution is a sphere.

t = 3*(unit polar volume of charge) / 4*pi*r^3

External deflection decreases

As the cube of the distance

From a particle’s center,

Whereas 3-dimensional deflections

Decrease as the square of distance,

Attenuated by increasing area,

4th-dimensional deflections decrease

As the cube of distance,

Attenuated by increasing volume.

Unit polar volume is hc/4pi, so substituting,

We can get a matter particle’s

Field’s actual displacement,

9.4(10^-18) / r^3, in meters,

And so, since a proton’s electrostatic field

Is active at a radius as close as 1 Fermi (10^-15)

From its energy center,

Yields an external deflection

Of a trillion light years (9.4(10^27) m).

Deflections of this magnitude are possible

Because although ‘c’ is energy’s

Speed limit through space,

There is no limit to

Space’s speed through time.