# Thread: Why 1/137?

1. Why 1/137
For the Fine-Structure Constant
And not 1/2

The size of the one and only universe,
This being its only boundary condition,
Is that of a 4D finite hypercube
Of quadric space made of infinite 3D spaces
Sitting atop one another,
Governs the quantization of energy forms,
Taking the form of Planck’s constant for light,
And being the reason for elementary particles
Having the same magnitude of unit charge.

Charge (q) is responsible for the Coulomb force:

Fq = q^2 / 4*pi*e0*r^2

Where e0 is a constant known
As the permitivity of free space.

The ratio of the Coulomb strength
To Planck’s constant (hc)
Is called the fine structure constant, 1/137.

One might think that it should be 1/2
Since photons are complete,
Having an inherent positive and negative
That sums to neutrality,
The polarity only showing forth
When an electron and a positron are produced,
Whereas a matter particle
Is always an incomplete form having either
A positive or a negative charge.

The reason this is not the case
Is because, unlike Plank’s constant,
The Coulomb’s force strength
Is not a direct assessment of unit polarity volume,
For it is but a byproduct of unit polar volume
Just as electrostatic potential energy
Is a byproduct of rest energy.

A photon’s hypervolume is geometrically closed,
While a matter particle’s unit polar volume is open;
So, a matter particle’s net polarity
Prevents the spacial encapsulation
Of its 4th dimensional elevation of deflection,
It thus being a distributional boundary condition,
A family of relationships,

time = unit polar volume of charge / volume.

Photons are the encapsulation of time by space,
While matter particle fields are
The encapsulation of space by time;
Thus their radically different properties.

Space is continuous and causal.
The reason why a matter particle’s
Central deflection of elevation in time
Diminishes with distance is because
External deflection is governed by
A dimensional relationship
Between time and space
In 4D space-time and this relationship
Is a constant.
Spacial deflection attenuates
Due to increasing volume because
Spatial volume causes this attenuation.

Herein lies the meaning of charge.
The Coulomb's force increases
With the amount of external deflection,
But it is not simply a case
Of a maximum deflection somewhere in space,
But is a combination of deflection and volume,
And this determines the deflection
At any given range.

A matter particle distribution
Consists of an infinite number
Of concentric spherical surfaces
With 4th-dimensional elevation
Scaled by their volume and unit polar volume.

Matter particles are radically symmetrical,
So the volume element of their
Field distribution is a sphere.

t = 3*(unit polar volume of charge) / 4*pi*r^3

External deflection decreases
As the cube of the distance
From a particle’s center,
Whereas 3-dimensional deflections
Decrease as the square of distance,
Attenuated by increasing area,
4th-dimensional deflections decrease
As the cube of distance,
Attenuated by increasing volume.

Unit polar volume is hc/4pi, so substituting,
We can get a matter particle’s
Field’s actual displacement,

9.4(10^-18) / r^3, in meters,

And so, since a proton’s electrostatic field
Is active at a radius as close as 1 Fermi (10^-15)
From its energy center,
Yields an external deflection
Of a trillion light years (9.4(10^27) m).

Deflections of this magnitude are possible
Because although ‘c’ is energy’s
Speed limit through space,
There is no limit to
Space’s speed through time.

2.

3. I see "glimmers of truth" in here questor. But I think you've got more work to do, and you really must look into your presentation. The Coulomb constant is related to the area of a sphere. IMHO the fine-structure constant is 1/137 at normal energies because it's related to kissing numbers in three dimensions.

4. Thanks. It's a start.

Now, why 1836 for the proton vs. the electron mass?

5. We have seen Why 1/137 instead of 1/2 and also the the speed of light is what it is because it is the dimensional relationship of distance over time, but what about 1836?

Well, this essay is a bit looser than the others, but it's the only idea I have at the moment…

1836 Background

The energy was spiraling inward, in the potential universe, and was also necessarily shifting sidewards, and while this all was the birth of spin, especially when all was catapulted outwardly, it was much more than that, being that of the all of the universe, was the outcome of the balance, the proton with its three quarks, two ‘up’ (+2/3rds + 2/3rds charge charge) and a ‘down’ (-1/3rds charge), resulting in a +1 charge, but not before a neutron formed, with its three quarks, two ‘down’(-1/3rds - 1/3rds charge) and an ‘up’ (+2/3rds charge), resulting in a 0 charge.

Circles do ever come into play, for they are of the field waves whirled, and, with their motion in 3D, they become as cylinders, an ‘up’ quark and a ‘down’ quark, this for sure when the inwards spiraling stops when it can go no further inward, these cylinders, being the compartments between the striations of energy,
In balance, but not at rest, thus separating by the conflict of the inward direction, which stopped, and the sidewards direction, which continues ever faster.

A sphere, which is 2/3 of a cylinder held together as its own result, being compacted to its maximum, focused inwardly, as stopped energy, its behavior now apart from the whole, while the two 1/6 half-remainders of the cylinder were released, yet strove to return to wholeness, although focused sidewards.

The 1/6 half-remainder of the bottom of a cylinder clumped with the 1/6 half-remainder at the top of the next cylinder in line, they being already near each other, and this then constituted
A whole -1/3 full remainder (‘down’ quark), which tried to cling to the +2/3 sphere (‘up’ quark), yet, it didn’t balance, being +1/3 off in charge.

So, another full -1/3 remainder then attached, in this attempt to form a neutron, which it did, of neutral charge, being wholesome, but not stable, even with its balanced 0 charge from the two ‘down’ full remainders, adding to -2/3, with an ‘up’ sphere of +2/3, for now there would be an excess of bare and lonely spheres with no full -1/3 remainders available to them.

So then, soon arrives the proton form, with its +1 charge, the two ‘up’ quark spheres provide +4/3, and the ‘down’ quark full remainder -1/3. By adding one more sphere (up) and having just one full -1/3 remainder (down) we gain overall stability, for the neutron and the proton combined have 3 spheres (‘up’ quarks) and 3 full remainders (‘down’ quarks), reconciling to 3 whole cylinders, thus making the first atomic unit, with the proton being the perfect balance to the neutron.

The proton is not complete by itself, in charge; it requires the -1 charged electron for balance.

The electron,1836 times smaller, is the all-spark and the commander, a result of the friction that can never provide unity, the tension of the spheres and remainders, from which it both comes, that can never be the same again.

The electron is the charge between the two 1/6 half-remainder parts, or, better yet, is perhaps of the space between the three cylinders, that space which makes the cylinder into a cube or a hexagon, whose charge must be of the ‘-’ polarity, it not having the ‘stop’ quality of the sphere, but the sideward movement, yet still bounded by the striations, and composed of three 1/6 parts of the hexagon minus the cylinder, it occurring between any three cylinders.

6. The Beginnings of "Why 1836"?

Three spheres and the 6 half-remainders of the three cylinders are employed in the neutron and the proton of an atomic unit.

There are 12 positions of the 6 half-remainders:
Left, right, up, down, front, back, making 6, so far, but then times 2, since there are two half-remainders per cylinder, making 12 positions of power.

The situation of 1/12 is thus paramount. 12 positions makes one side of a right triangle, the 3 spheres making another side.

12(positions)^2 * 3(spheres)^2 = 144 + 9 = 153,

Which is the angular power of the inward direction versus the sideward direction.

(1836/12 = 153)

Or something like that.

12 is also close to the cube root of 1836, which could be used to find the electron radius, for mass increases as the cube of the radius, thus the electron radius being 1/12 of that of the proton.

This could all be just numerology.

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