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Thread: Cosmological ruler?

  1. #1 Cosmological ruler? 
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    http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/a...02,curpg-1.cms

    SAN DIEGO: By looking at a vast swath of sky, astronomers claim to have figured out a way to measure the universe — using a kind of 'cosmological ruler'.

    They found that the universe is flat, with ripples that began as the tiniest variations in radiation left over from the Big Bang, which many cosmologists believe gave birth to the universe.

    As it cooled after the mega-explosion some 13.7 billion years ago, the infant universe was actually making a sound and those waves produced the ripples, said Daniel Eisenstein, an astronomer at the University of Arizona.

    The way galaxies are scattered across the sky now corresponds to the sound waves in the early times of the cosmos, Eisenstein told reporters at a meeting of the American Astronomical Society.

    "We regard this as smoking-gun evidence that gravity has played the major role in growing from the initial seeds in the microwave background (left over from the Big Bang) into the galaxies and clusters of galaxies that we see around us," he said.

    "The most exciting thing from my point of view is the signature of these wiggles in the galaxy distribution... may be very useful as a cosmological ruler," said Richard Ellis of Caltech Optical Observatories.

    Researchers from the US, Britain and Australia worked in two teams to determine this relationship, which showed that galaxies tend to form in clumps roughly 500 million light-years apart — exactly the distance predicted by the sound-wave ripples in the early universe.

    A light year is approximately 6 trillion miles (10 trillion km), the distance light travels in a year.


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