Given that A and B are either the independent variable or the dependent variable:

1) "A is correlatedwithB"

For this wording, does it mean that A is the independent variable and B is the dependent variable? (i.e. A affects B?) Or is it the other way around?

2) "A is correlatedtoB"

Is this meaning exactly the same thing as "A is correlatedwithB"? Or does it mean that A is the dependent variable and B is the independent variable? (i.e. B affects A?)

3) "There is a strong postive linear correlationbetween A and B"

"There is a strong postive linear correlationbetween B and A"

Is there any difference between the two statements above? Does the order of stating A and B matter here? Does this wording give any clue to whether the first one or the second one is the independent variable?

4) When it says "something vs something", should the independent variable listed first or second?

Can anyone help me, please? I am really confused now!

Thank you!