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Thread: how must I combine or mix tenses of english?

  1. #1 how must I combine or mix tenses of english? 
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    Would you possibly tell me how should I begin learning the way of mixing tenses of English?

    I do not know any resource, web site, book etcetera, about it.




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    Forum Masters Degree DianeG's Avatar
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    I do not know what you mean by mixing tenses. Do you mean more complicated tenses than present, past, and future?

    These are good websites for explaining which tense will help you say what you want to say, but they would be better if the explanation was in your language too.

    English Tenses - Examples
    English Grammar Lesson- Examples of English Tenses


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    Thank you so much.

    However, I do not need such sites et cetera, I wonder how I am to mix or combine different tens(time) of sentences to each other.
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    " I wonder how I have to MIX or COMBINE two different tense with each other."
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    I am not sure what you mean. One difficulty of trying to explain the rules of ones own language is that one is not consciously aware of them.

    For example, I do not think that we mix tenses in English. However, I would not be surprised if it was demonstrated that we do it all the time. (Did I just use three different tenses in one sentence?) I have no idea.
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    Forum Masters Degree DianeG's Avatar
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    Can you give an example of a sentence or a group of sentences? Can you explain which actions in the sentence occur now, or occurred in the past, or will occur in the future, and how you want the reader to understand them in time?

    If all of the actions occurred at, or near, the same time, the tenses should agree in the same sentence or paragraph. If they occurred at different times, they won't. For example: I won the lottery last week, and tomorrow I will buy a new car.

    Tenses in English are complicated. They use words called "helping verbs" that help explain when something occured at certain point in time, and whether that action happened once or was continuous. For example - I walk, I walked, I will walk. I am walking, I was walking, I have walked, I will have walked, I had been walking, I have been walking, I will be walking, I will have been walking.

    Even I am not even sure I listed them all!
    Last edited by DianeG; March 3rd, 2014 at 12:00 PM.
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    Forum Masters Degree DianeG's Avatar
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    Or do you mean using two verbs together?

    For example: I plan to walk. I planned to walk. I will plan to walk, et cetera? In that case, the second verb is usually the infinitive "to buy, to write, to drive." The infinitive form of an English verb has "to" in front of it.

    I am calling to ask for directions.
    I called to ask for directions.
    I have called to ask for directions
    I will call to ask for directions.

    etc.
    Last edited by DianeG; March 3rd, 2014 at 01:32 PM.
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    I don't get the question.

    To take the verb run, as an example I can say:

    - I ran to catch the bus
    - I am running to catch the bus
    - I will run to catch the bus
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  10. #9  
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    Thank you so much.

    However, I would like to know a resource to finding the followings:


    Mixing/combining sentences together, for instance:

    Pas perfect+ while+ which time?

    Future perfect+ when+which time?

    While+which time?+ which time?

    Present continuous+ which tenses ?

    So on
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    Forum Masters Degree DianeG's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by nima_persian View Post
    Thank you so much.

    However, I would like to know a resource to finding the followings:


    Mixing/combining sentences together, for instance:

    Pas perfect+ while+ which time?

    Future perfect+ when+which time?

    While+which time?+ which time?

    Present continuous+ which tenses ?

    So on

    Let's look at one example, just to make sure I understand.

    1) Past perfect +while + which time.

    I had talked to the man while riding on the bus.
    I had talked to the man while I was riding on the bus.
    I had talked to the man while I rode on the bus.

    In all of these sentences, the actions occur at the same time in the past, and I don't think there is any difference between them. Sentence three might imply a more ongoing conversation that lasted throughout the bus entire trip, but I don't think that is absolutely true.

    I'm trying to think of whether one would ever say "I had talked to the man while I had ridden on the bus." I don't think it's ungrammatical, but it seems like an unlikely statement. You would be more likely to say "I had talked to the man when I had ridden on the bus." That sentences means something like you talked to the man one or more times, back when you used to ride the bus, but you don't anymore because perhaps you have a car now.


    Another example of the above.

    I had slept very little while working on my project.
    I had slept very little while I was working on my project.
    I had slept very little while I worked on my project.

    You can change the order in the sentence without changing meaning. For example:

    While I was working on my project, I had slept very little.


    The word "whle" introduces what's called an "adverbial clause" so if you google "while adverbial clause" you might find more examples.

    If my answer is close to what you are asking, I will try the others.
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