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Thread: Fungi and Bacteria

  1. #1 Fungi and Bacteria 
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    Hi,

    I was thinking of difference between Fungi and bacteria regarding size, shape, mode of reproduction, fuction and cell structures but not able to get specific answers.

    Any help will be thankful


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  3. #2  
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    Fungi: Have cell oraganelles & a nuclues (eukaryotic). They generally reproduce asexually by spores but can under some circumstances reproduce sexually if they need to.

    Bacteria: Dont have cell organelles (no mitochondria) are too small to contain them. They reproduce by binary fission. They are prokaryotic and only have DNA strands in the cytosol (and maybe a plasmid), they have no true nucleus.

    These are just some of the very basics, there's loads of other characteristics. Both classifiacations have a huge scope and variation within them.


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  4. #3  
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    Quote Originally Posted by Robbie
    Fungi: Have cell oraganelles & a nuclues (eukaryotic). They generally reproduce asexually by spores but can under some circumstances reproduce sexually if they need to.

    Bacteria: Dont have cell organelles (no mitochondria) are too small to contain them. They reproduce by binary fission. They are prokaryotic and only have DNA strands in the cytosol (and maybe a plasmid), they have no true nucleus.

    These are just some of the very basics, there's loads of other characteristics. Both classifiacations have a huge scope and variation within them.
    Robbie is correct. A fungus is more like a human than a bacteria. the differences between a fungus and bacteria is just about everything beyond the basics of life.
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  5. #4 Fungi versus Bacteria 
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    Fungi and bacteria are members of two different kingdoms, kingdom Fungi, and kingdom Monera respectively. Fungi are eukaryotes, as Robbie said, meaning that they have a nucleus. There are different types of fungi, the most famous being yeast, which reproduces asexually by budding. The structure of a yeast call is rather similar to an ordinary eukaryotic cell. There is also "mushroom", which is a fungus. The part that we eat is only the site of reproduction, where sexual reproduction occurs by the means of spores. The rest of the organism is usually buried underneath the ground and is structured as thin hairs known as hyphae. ( Did you notice the white hairs growing on your food when it starts to go bad?..hyphae). Bacteria on the other hand has is a prokaryote, meaning that it has no nucleus. It has a cell wall, like plants, though in this case it is made of muerin. It usually has a simple flagellum made of protein and small rods all around its body. The only organelles they have in common with eukaryotes are ribosomes ( which synthesize proteins). They have a circular DNA ring, and plasmids. Usually, they reproduce asexually by binary fission, but they can in rare cases, reproduce sexually, but this causes one of the partners to die. They, unlike fungi, don't have mitochondria. Instead they have intuckings in their cell membrane that are called mesosomes where respiration occurs. ( I can't think of any more differences at the moment..but I hope this is detailed enough! ).
    In theory, there is no difference between theory and practice. In practice, however, there is.
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  6. #5  
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    Its funny when I was writing my response was thiking all that stuff but the kingdom fungi encompasses far more than just the rhizopus/mushroom type of fungus you described, eg think yeast, different physiology.

    I think the only REAL differences is being eu/prokaryote and containing cell organelles.
    The problem with classing kingdoms is that they're a man made construct, there's always much more complications than there are conveniences!
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