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Thread: Benefits of Various Vertebral Connections

  1. #1 Benefits of Various Vertebral Connections 
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    Are there benefits to having opisthocoelous vertebrae as opposed to procoelous or amphiceolous vertebrae?


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    Directly from wiki

    Articular surfaces[edit]

    The morphology of the anterior and posterior faces of a centrum, where it articulates with other vertebral bodies, partially determine the flexibility and strength of the vertebral column. There are several basic configurations. If both the anterior and posterior surfaces are flat, the vertebra is called "acoelous" or "amphiplatyan"; this type of vertebra is good for dealing with compressive forces. If both surfaces are concave, the vertebra is called "amphicoelous", and permits some motion across a wide range of directions. If the anterior surface is concave and the posterior surface is convex, the vertebra is "procoelous"; the opposite configuration is called "opisthocoelous". Both are varieties of ball-and-socket joints. The ball-and-socket configuration results in less stretching of the spinal cord and thus gives procoelous and opisthocoelous vertebrae greater flexibility than acoelous and amphicoelous vertebrae. Finally, vertebrae with saddle-shaped articular surfaces are called "heterocoelous", which allows vertebrae to flex vertically and horizontally, while preventing twisting motions. Such vertebrae are found in the necks of birds and some turtles.[1]


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    Growing up, i marveled at star-trek's science, and ignored the perfect society. Now, i try to ignore their science, and marvel at the society.

    Imagine, being able to create matter out of thin air, and not coming up with using drones for boarding hostile ships. Or using drones to defend your own ship. Heck, using drones to block energy attacks, counterattack or for surveillance. Unless, of course, they are nano-machines in your blood, which is a billion times more complex..
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    Thanks. I forget...what is your degree in? Bio? Chem?
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    barely a degree.. but Biochemistry, Molecular biology and Microbiology
    Growing up, i marveled at star-trek's science, and ignored the perfect society. Now, i try to ignore their science, and marvel at the society.

    Imagine, being able to create matter out of thin air, and not coming up with using drones for boarding hostile ships. Or using drones to defend your own ship. Heck, using drones to block energy attacks, counterattack or for surveillance. Unless, of course, they are nano-machines in your blood, which is a billion times more complex..
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    Why do you say "barely a degree"? You either have a degree or not.
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    Well. it's only bachelors in Europe, but comparable to masters in US.
    Growing up, i marveled at star-trek's science, and ignored the perfect society. Now, i try to ignore their science, and marvel at the society.

    Imagine, being able to create matter out of thin air, and not coming up with using drones for boarding hostile ships. Or using drones to defend your own ship. Heck, using drones to block energy attacks, counterattack or for surveillance. Unless, of course, they are nano-machines in your blood, which is a billion times more complex..
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