The Infinite Spongy Universe

EEP Dependant Quasi-Steady State multi crunch/bang universe that has alway existed, had no beginning, no creation and no cause.

The Infinite Spongy Universe (ISU) is a quasi-steady state universe . It is characterized by big crunches that become big bangs here and there, now and then, throughout an infinite space of infinite content. Energy is the basic component and is composed of elementary energy wave/particles (EEPs). Matter is made of EEPs, the quanta of energy that makes up the energy density of space.

No Beginning

The ISU has always existed; it had no beginning and does not require a singularity like the unexplained beginning in Big Bang Theory (BBT).

Infinite in Space and Content

The ISU is infinite spatially and in content.

Energy

The ISU is composed only of energy.

Energy in the ISU takes two elementary forms, energy in space called Type 1 energy (contiguous space or T1 space), and energy in matter called Type 2 energy (mass, matter, objects in space or T2 space).

Common Denominator: The EEP

In the ISU, the elementary energy wave/particle (EEP) is the common denominator between energy in contiguous space (Type 1), and the energy in matter (Type 2). The EEP has mass and therefore both Type 1 (T1) and Type 2 (T2) energy have mass. EEPs in T1 space exist as independent EEPs, and EEPs in T2 space (matter) have formed stable groupings of EEPs. EEPs in T1 space will repel each other as they pulse (T1 repulsion), and EEPs in T2 space (matter) form stable groupings (EEP nucleosynthesis) and pulses are merged into vibrations with resonance.

Energy Balance

In the ISU, energy and matter are in balance; the energy density of contiguous space (T1 space) and the energy density of matter (T2 space) are in natural proportion (T1:T2) on a large scale (LS).

Scale

Scale in the ISU is established by a natural phenomenon called an arena. An arena represents the amount of space from which the T2 energy (matter) collapses due to the natural attraction of mass (gravity) to form a big crunch. This arena is limited in volume because when a big crunch reaches critical capacity it bursts (bangs) and the big crunch is destroyed and redistributed throughout the arena. In the ISU, “large scale” (LS) encompasses at least a number of arenas.

Arenas

Arenas from one big crunch to the next overlap and redistribute energy across wide ranges so that energy from one crunch/bang will not reform into a subsequent crunch using the exact same arena. There are no cyclical crunch bangs, only new crunch/bangs here and there, now and then throughout the ISU. The crunch/bangs keep the ISU from collapsing into one large scale big crunch, and the overlapping arenas redistribute energy throughout the ISU, keeping entropy in check.

An arena normally starts out with a balance between T1 and T2 energy in natural proportion (T1:T2) to the large scale (LS) balance of the ISU and with an energy density within the range of equilibrium. Gravity causes T2 energy to collapse toward the center of gravity of the arena. The crunch compresses T2 energy into a huge ball, surrounded by T1 energy in the contiguous space around the T2 matter ball.

T1 Density Map

One characteristic of T1 energy (contiguous space) is that it has density that is measured by the relative number of EEPs within it. The density of EEPs in T1 space can be within a wide range for any given volume. The average density of contiguous space is represented by the letter D followed by the numeral 1 (D1 = average density). If the density of a given volume of space is greater than the average density of all contiguous space, then it is represented by the “>” before the D1 (>D1). On the other hand if the density in a given volume of space is less than the average density of all contiguous space, then it is represented by the “<” before the D1 (<D1).

There is a density map of any given volume of contiguous space. The map shows areas of high EEP density of T1 space as >D1 and low EEP density throughout the contiguous space as <D1.

The density of the T1 energy is always lower (<D1) around T2 space (matter). (see gravity, and see photon creation)

Changes in the LS density map can tell you what is happening in regards to crunches and bangs on a LS basis. (Diagrams)

T1 Equalization

EEPs are always in the process of trying to equalize the density of T1 space.

EEPs repulse each other in T1 space as they pulse between their individual expansion and contraction phases. They take up their own share of T1 space and fit themselves among each other as they pulse, using all of the available contiguous space by adjusting the volume of their expansion to fit the available space.

EEP pulsing in T1 Space

Individual EEPs are a specific amount of energy. They represent the smallest amount of energy that can be meaningful in the ISU. They are tiny energy packets with individual identities in T1 space. Each packet retains its own identity while pulsing between a volume (expansion phase) that contains the energy of the EEP, and a mass (contraction phase) that contains the same energy of the EEP. With each pulse the EEP is propelled through T1 space at high speed. The energy (E) of an EEP is E1 and at the average density of space, the volume of that energy is V1.

The T1 space EEP matrix

Given the five characteristics of the EEP, (Type 1 or Type 2, Energy, Density, Volume, and Period (frequency) and knowing the range of each characteristic, a matrix can be presented that includes all possible T1 space EEPs. (Matrix to be prepared from following)

Space is permeated with energy and Type 1 contiguous space contains energy in the form of free EEPs.

The density of EEPs in T1 space can vary based on circumstances related to crunches, bangs, and T1 space in proximity to T2 space. T1 density is lower surrounding T2 space. Average density is D = 1. Lower density is <D1 and higher density is >D1.

The Energy of an average EEP is E = 1, but they can vary within a narrow range.

The EEP pulse has frequency and volume characteristics. The period of the average pulse is P = 1, and the expanded volume of the average EEP is V = 1. Both pulse frequency and expanded volume can vary within narrow ranges.

EEP repulsion in T1 Space

The pulsing of EEPs in T1 space results in EEPs repelling each other. The repulsion occurs because there is enough space (low enough EEP density) for each individual EEP to expand sufficiently (to its full volume).

If the density of EEPs in a given T1 space exceeds D1 (average density) to any significant degree (approaches D2), EEPs begin to interact and merge. Merging lowers the density of the given T1 contiguous space while maintaining the energy (now combined to include T2 energy). A merged pair of EEPs has energy of E2 and occupies similar volume as one individual EEP by pulsing in the same space.

EEP Interaction

EEPs interact with each other in two classes. Class 1 interactions take place in T1 space between free EEPs, and Class 2 interactions that take place in T2 space within matter.

Class 1 Interactions

There are two Class 1 interactions. They are repulsion (R) which causes EEPs to move toward equilibrium in T1 space, and merging (M) which is the process of EEPs combining to form matter out of the energy continuum of T1 space (nucleosynthesis).

Class 2 Interactions

Class 2 interactions lead to Nucleosynthesis.

As EEPs interact and merge they form groupings of EEPs. They can interact by locking in orbit around each other or by merging with each other to form a grouping.

When EEPs interact and form a group, the group itself defines a new environment and the equilibrium of the EEPs in this new environment is quickly established so that the EEPs are in balance with the space they occupy. This balance is characterized by their combined pulsing which becomes a vibration of the grouping.

EEPs can merge by pulsing in phase or out of phase, meaning with one expanding while the other contracts in the same space, or by orbiting while they pulse either in or out of phase. Some mergers are compact and very stable, while other merges are less dense and less stable. Vibration and pulsing of the combined EEPs determines the way the small groupings interact to form larger groupings.

In the chaos of high density T1 space during periods of crunch/bang expansion when EEP grouping and matter formation is abundant, the various groupings that form can collide and smash each other apart. These smashed groupings quickly try to reestablish equilibrium, but before equilibrium can be establish by attracting free EEPs to restore the stable environment that existed before the collision, there is a period where very unstable fragments of the prior stable grouping will exist. These unstable fragments will not readily combine with stable groupings and will be repelled by some groupings and attracted by others depending on the relative vibrations of the EEPs in the fragment to the vibrations of the EEPs in the attracting or repelling stable grouping.

This chaotic environment allows a wide variety of EEP combinations with differing properties that lead to nucleosynthesis of very stable protons and neutrons, as well as the electrons that surround the nucleus.

Photons

Photons are composed of EEPs. Photons are created from EEPs that freely enter T2 space (matter in the form of atoms), but are emitted by T2 space as electromagnetic radiation carried away from matter by photons into T1 space.

T2 space is matter which is composed of EEPs that have formed stable combinations, and those stable combinations abundantly take the form of atoms in T2 objects. The structure of the atom is extremely porous relative to EEPs in T1 space. This porous characteristic of T2 space is the result of the various forces that build up around atomic particles as they form atoms. The wide distance between the nucleus of an atom and the electron rings is filled by energy taking the form of the force that binds the nucleus and confines the electrons to their various rings. The structure of atoms attracts EEPs that flow into T2 space are forced into the electron rings by the same forces that maintain the structure of the atoms. Those EEPs are absorbed by the electrons. The electrons reach energy capacity and emit photons as organized packets of energy (a specific stable grouping of EEPs).

Photons travel freely and unimpeded through T1 space and do not interact with EEPs in T1 space. EEPs are very low (E1) energy compared to photons that may be E10^n (for discussion). It takes a huge number of EEPs to result in the emission of one photon so there is a huge inflow of EEPs into mass (matter) relative to the outflow of photons.

The radiation of EEPs from T2 objects in the form of photons is unaffected by the separate phenomenon of photon absorption and photon radiation such as is associated with “black body radiation”. EEP (E1) to Photon (E10^n) is photon creation vs. photon (E10^n) absorption and photon (E10^n) emission in black body radiation which is a balanced exchange of photons.

Gravity

The flow of EEPs from T1 space into T2 space causes a lower (T1D<1) density of EEPs surrounding T2 space on the density map of T1 space. The inflow of EEPs into T2 space causes an outflow of photons out of T2 space. The outflow of photons has no impact on the density of EEPs in T1 space (see Photons).

Two objects composed of T2 space existing within contiguous T1 space will have lower density T1 space directly between them than in any other direction on the density map.

T2 objects moving in T1 space are influenced by the density of T1 space and they naturally move into lower density T1 space. Thus two objects moving through T1 space will display the gravitational effect by moving toward each others lower density T1 space.

Gravity is caused by lower density T1 space that naturally exists between T2 objects in T1 space due to the flow into T2 space of EEPs from T1 space. Remember that EEPs are repelling each other in all other directions. Thus the inflow of EEPs into matter from T1 space creates a lower density of EEPs in space surrounding objects of mass (T2 space) accounting for gravity.