I apologize for my poor English.

I had a new computer simulation.

We set up each model from the birth of universe to the present, and calculated GPE using computer simulation in each level.

As a result, we could verify that “pair creation model of negative mass and positive mass”explains inflation of the early universeanddecelerating expansion, andpresent accelerating expansionin time series.

This simulation is showing incredible results.

It not only explains the total energy of the universe, flatness, and the essence (Total zero energy, pair creation of negative energy and positive energy) of the process of birth of the universe, but it explains inflation, decelerating expansion in the early stage, accelerating expansion in the late stage, and dark matter through the only term, negative energy. Moreover, this negative energy is one that is essentially required by the law of energy conservation.

Please see to below link!

Simulation 1. Dark energy - Accelerating expansion of distant galaxy due to negative mass

Simulation 2. Inflation, decelerating expansion and accelerating expansion with pair creation of negative mass and positive mass

3. Paper: The change of Gravitational Potential Energy and Dark Energy in the Zero Energy Universe.

viXra.org e-Print archive, viXra:1110.0019, The Change of Gravitational Potential Energy and Dark Energy in the Zero Energy Universe

A. Birth of the universe from zero energy state

1) computer simulation

Fig14. m+=+1 (1,000ea), -m-=-1 (1,000ea),

U++ = -5190.4707907,

U-- = -5308.0373689,

U-+= 10499.2712222,

U_tot = 0.7630625

Total rest mass energy is zero. Total gravitational potential energy () is +0.763.

, so is almost zero.

We could not make GPE 0 for there were too many particles. Therefore, we simulated dividing the value of (total GPE) into two parts which are when it is little bit bigger than 0 (+0.76306) and when smaller than 0 (-0.53277), and we could gain almost similar results. (Attached 1, 2)

2) Accelerating expansion of the universe (inflation)

It can be confirmed that even though the total energy starts with 0, the universe expands and positive masses combine one another due to attractive interaction among themselves, while negative masses can not form massive mass structure because of repulsive interaction.

The pair creation model of negative mass and positive mass explains “energy conservation” in times of the birth of the universe and “expansion after the birth” naturally, and it does not need institution of new mechanism or field like inflaton or inflation itself, and it explains this effect with only gravity.

3) Change of GPE

Figure15-a.The ratio of negative GPE to positive GPE of the early universe. We can confirm that as the universe expands, (+GPE/-GPE) ratio decreases, and gets to be negative value. Figure15-b. Total GPE of the early universe. Figure15-c. of the early universe and GPE related with positive mass. It looks almost like a straight line for the size of is relatively small.

The graph above is that the change of GPE related with positive mass and drawn through graph.

As we have observed activities of only positive masses, “GPE related with positive mass ()” has a significant meaning.

a) Nevertheless the value of changes from 0 to negative value, the universe expands for GPE related with positive mass has + value.

b) Note that nevertheless the total energy is 0, GPE related with positive mass has very big positive value, and this value approaches to 0 very rapidly. This explains the dramatic expansion like the early universe inflation and the finish of this inflation mechanism.

c) The thing we can notice by this and the next simulation is that if time goes bit more, and GPE related with positive mass both have negative values, and the universe is converted to the decelerating expansion stage.

d) In order to explain the flatness of the universe, typical researchers assume the inflation mechanism and explain it using this. But Zero Energy Universe does not need institution of new field for it guarantees flatness itself, and additionally, the simulation above means that the accelerating expansion of the early universe can be explained with gravity without instituting new field.

4) Change of GPE related with positive mass and in three initial value

Fig16-a. Total rest mass energy=0, (initial value)= +51.79 / +0.76 / -0.53. Time scale=0.5, Step scale(+51.79,-0.53)=200, Step scale(+0.76)=250,

Fig16-b. Change of GPE related with positive mass in three cases

GPE related with positive mass has very big positive value, and this value approaches to 0 very rapidly.

B. GPE among distant galaxies and accelerating expansion

1) When positive mass is spread through relatively large area

Fig17.Distant galaxy – The structure that negative mass surrounds galaxy composed of positive mass.

= (1 X 500) + (1 X 500) = + 1000, center1(-1000,0,0), center2(+1000,0,0), R=150,

= (-1 X 500) +(-1 X 500) = - 1000, negative mass distribution :

. We simulated having it has unit mass of positive mass and negative mass.

After the birth of the universe, positive masses bind together by attractive interaction. Meanwhile, negative masses are being almost uniformly distributed because of repulsive interaction. Negative masses are gravitational bounded to massive positive masses (Galaxy or Galaxy cluster) for massive positive mass has attractive effect on negative mass.