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Thread: State Space-Time

  1. #1 State Space-Time 
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    State Space-time

    Jinzhong Yan

    Branch272,POBOX67,Changsha,Hunan410012,P.R.China

    Abstracts:State space-time comes from internal force and internal energy of wholes and means the interior space-time of wholes.In physics,there are four kinds of force and spece-time:bond force and 3-dimensional space-time,strong interaction exchanging pi-mesons and 2-dimensional space-time,quark confinement and 1-dimensional space-time and weak interaction and 0=dimensional sapce-time.The universe consists of different state space-time.Newton's sapce-time is 3-dmensional space-time.Einstein's relativity is 2-dimensional space-time.Newton and Einstein are different observers.Men's sensation of space and time depends on the internel energy of him.Human body has above-mentioned four kinds of space-time when he has different internal energy.Human body relativity will solve time problem in cosmic navigation.Galaxies,economy aand societies are also grouped into four kinds of state.Quasar is cosmic model of light speed aircraft.


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  3. #2 Stated definitions of space-time 
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    "In 1916, Albert Einstein published his General Relativity, a mathematical theory of gravitation which replaced Newtonian concepts with abstractions so difficult that it took a decade even for most mathematicians to grasp them. The essence of Einstein's theory was that the presence of matter distorts space and makes it curve. The concept of space curvature stemmed from many dimensional, non-straight-line geometry created abstractly through equations. Just as a surface can curve in ordinary 3-Dimensional space, so in non-Euclidean geometry a 3-Dimensional space can itself curve in 4-dimensional space. No one can visualize such a curved space because humanity is not 4-Dimensional..."
    - LIFE Science Library, THE UNIVERSE, p. 179

    "When events occur in 3-Dimensional Space it is not possible to draw an actual graph of 4-Dimensional space-time, but mathematicians have ways of handling such graphs without actually drawing them."
    - Martin Gardner, RELATIVITY FOR THE MILLION, p. 98

    "The 4-Dimensional world of relativistic physics is the world where force and matter are unified; where matter can appear as discontinuous particles or as a continuous field. In these cases, however, we can no longer visualize the unity very well. Physicists can 'experience' the 4-Dimensional space-time world throughout the abstract mathematical formalism of their theories, but their visual imaginations - like everybody else's - is limited to the 3-Dimensional world of the senses. Our language and thought patterns have evolved in this 3-Dimensional world and therefore we find it extremely hard to deal with the 4-Dimensional reality of Relativistic Physics."
    - Fritjov Capra, THE TAO OF PHYSICS, P 150

    "This concept is very difficult to visualize. It is a consequence of the 4-Dimensional space-time character of the sub-atomic world and neither our intuition nor our language can deal with this image very well."
    - Capra, THE TAO OF PHYSICS, p. 80

    "In the General Theory of Relativity, the framework of the Special Theory is extended to include gravity. The effect of gravity, according to General Relativity, is to make space-time curved. This, again, is extremely hard to imagine. We can easily imagine a 3-Dimensionally curved surface, such as the surface of an egg. The meaning of the word 'curvature' for 2-Dimensional curved surfaces is thus quite clear; but when it comes to 3-Dimensional space - let alone 4-Dimensional space-time - our imagination abandons us. Since we cannot look at 3-Dimensional space 'from outside', we cannot imagine how it could be 'bent' in some direction." - Ibid, p. 173

    "The reader is cautioned against concluding that time is an additional physical dimension in the sense that it can be seen and felt like a material object. No one in our universe can see in 4 Dimensions or more because of the way our universe is constructed."
    - James A. Coleman, RELATIVITY FOR THE LAYMAN, p. 69
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    "In the history of physical science, no published and allegedly 'recognized and acknowledged' scientific theory has been so misinterpreted, malapplied and consequently so misunderstood and underestimated as the Special and General Theories of Relativity (1905 - 1916) by Albert Einstein." - Kent Benjamin Robertson (KBR)


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