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Thread: Polish - Russian languages similarities

  1. #1 Polish - Russian languages similarities 
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    On some forum a guy claimed that Polish and Russian languages are completely
    unintelligible and all this is due to those nations beloning to different human races.
    I got intrigued and decided to check how many similarities those languages have.
    And try to compare:

    English - Polish - Russian

    I - Ja - Ja
    You - Ty - Ty
    You (plural) - Wy - Wy
    We - My - My
    He - On - On
    She - Ona - Ona
    They - Oni - Oni
    It - Ono - Ono
    Them - Im, Ich - Im, Ich
    Me - Mnie - Mnie
    Who - Kto - Kto
    What - Co - Chto
    On - Na - Na
    Under - Pod - Pod
    Behind - Za - Za
    From - Z - Iz, S
    For - Dla - Dla
    There - Tam - Tam
    Here - Tutaj - Tut, Zdies
    People - Ludzie, naród - Ludzi, narod
    God - Bóg - Bog
    Heart - Serce - S'erce
    Soul - Dusza - Dusza
    Spirit - Duch - Duch
    Head - Głowa - Golowa
    Leg - Noga - Noga
    Eye - Oko - Glaz, Oko (archaic)
    Ear - Ucho - Ucho
    Neck - Szyja - Szeja
    Nose - Nos - Nos
    Cow - Krowa - Korowa
    Horse - Koń - Koń
    Dog - Pies - Pios
    Tree - Drzewo - Derewo
    Sky - Niebo - Niebo
    Heavens - Niebiosa - Niebiesa
    Paradise - Raj - Raj
    Grass - Trawa - Trawa
    Man - Człowiek - Czieloviek
    Male - Mężczyzna - Mużczina
    Little girl - Dziewczynka - Dziewoczka
    Lad - Chłopak, chłopiec - Chlopiec
    Eagle - Orzeł - Oriol
    Falkon - Sokół - Sokol
    Flame - Płomień - Plamia
    Fire - Pożar, Ogień - Pożar, Ogoń
    Rebellion - Bunt - Bunt
    Side - Strona, bok - Storona, bok
    River - Rzeka - Rieka
    Sun - Słońce - Sonce
    Earth - Ziemia - Ziemlia 50
    Road - Droga - Doroga
    Stone - Kamień - Kamień
    Our - Nasz - Nasz
    Beat - Bić - Bit'
    Leaf - Liść - List
    Friendship - Drużba - Drużba
    Day - Dzień - Dzień
    Night - Noc - Nocz
    Evening - Wieczór - Wieczier
    Field - Pole - Pole
    Snow - śnieg - snieg
    Finger - Palec - Palec
    Green - Zielony - Zielonyj
    House - Dom - Dom
    Castle - Zamek - Zamok
    Forest - Las - Les
    Is - Jest - Jest`
    Swim - Pływać - Plawat`
    Fly - Latać - Letat`
    Light - świetlny - swietlyj
    Broad - Szeroki - Szyrokij
    High - Wysoki - Wysokij
    Hail - Grad - Grad
    Hair - Włosy - Wolosy
    Freedom - Wolność, swoboda - Swoboda, wolnost`
    Children - Dzieci - Dzieti
    Language - Język - Jazyk
    Cherry - Wiśnia - Wiśnia
    Apple - Jabłko - Jabloko
    Berry - Jagoda - Jagoda
    Sweet - Słodki - Sladkij
    Better - Lepsze - Luczsze
    Corn - Kukurydza - Kukuruza
    Wheat - Pszenica - Pszenica
    Bread - Chleb - Chleb
    Mouse - Mysz - Mysz
    Sleap - Spać - Spat`
    Bitter - Gorzki - Gorkij
    Fame - Słava - Slava
    Rock - Skała - Skala
    Wind - Wiatr - Wietier
    Yellow - żółty - żoltyj
    White - Biały - Bielyj
    Nail - Gwóźdź - Gwoźd`
    Ax - Topór - Topor
    Sea - Morze - More
    Window - Okno - Okno
    Milk - Mleko - Moloko
    Pigeon - Gołąb - Golub`
    Fox - Lis - Lis
    Wolf - Wilk - Wolk
    Square - Kwadrat - Kwadrat
    Honey - Miód - Miod
    Wasp - Osa - Osa
    Bee - Pszczoła - Pcziela
    Ring - Pierścień - Pierstień
    Mountain - Góra - Gora
    Plate - Płyta - Plita
    Clothing - Odież - Odieżda
    Marry - Wesoły - Wesolyj
    Image - Obraz - Obraz
    Iron - żelazo - żelezo
    Water - Woda - Woda
    Droplet - Kropelka - Kapelka
    Arrow - Strzałka, strzała - Strelka, strela
    Clean - Chysty - Chistyj
    Sinner - Grzesznik - Gresznik
    Cabbage - Kapusta - Kapusta
    Carrot - Marchew – Morkow'
    See - Widzieć - Widiet`
    Grandson - Wnuk - Wnuk
    Brain - Mózg - Mozg
    Meat - Mięso - Miaso
    Butter - Masło - Maslo
    If - Jeśli - Jesli
    Venom - Jad - Jad
    Mushroom - Grzyb, grzybek - Grib, gribok
    Ore - Ruda - Ruda
    Force - Siła - Sila
    War - Wojna - Wojna
    Battle - Bój, bitwa - Boj, bitwa
    Eggs - Jajka - Jajca
    Plum - śliwka - sliwa
    Tooth - Ząb - Zub
    Pine - Sosna - Sosna
    Linden - Lipa -Lipa
    Sword - Miecz - Miecz'
    Wall - ściana - stiena
    Donkey - Osioł - Osiol
    Goat - Koza,kozioł - Koza,koziol
    Pain - Ból - Bol
    Bull - Byk, buhaj - Byk, bugaj
    Teach - Uczyć - Uczit`
    Fly (insect) - Mucha - Mucha
    Beer - Piwo - Piwo
    Raspberry - Malina - Malina
    Where - Gdzie - Gdzie
    Young - Młody - Molodoj
    Old - Stary - Staryj
    Good - Dobro - Dobro
    Evil - Zło - Zlo
    Right - Prawo - Prawo
    Left - Lewo - Lewo
    Truth - Prawda - Prawda
    Plane - Samolot - Samolot
    Drink - Pić - Pić
    Write - Pisać - Pisat`
    Eat - Jeść - Jest`
    Word - Słowo - Slowo
    Justice - Sprawiedliwość - Sprawiedliwost`
    Unemployment - Bezrobocie - Bezrabotica
    Clay - Glina - Glina
    Glue - Klej - Klej
    Know - Wiedzieć, znać - Znat`, wiedat'
    Blood - Krew - Krow`
    Poplar - Topola - Topol'
    Viburnum - Kalina - Kalina
    Such - Taki - Takoj
    Which - Który - Kotoryj
    In - W - W
    Grain - Ziarno - Zierno
    Village - Sioło, chutor - Sielo, chutor
    Garden - Ogród - Ogorod
    Hoe - Motyka - Motyga
    Rake - Grabie - Grabli
    Confession - Spowiedź - Ispowied'
    Himself - Sam, siebie - Sam, siebie
    Patience - Cierpliwość - Terpenie, terpeliwost'
    Squeak - Pisk - Pisk
    Shine - Blask - Blesk
    Oat - Owies - Owios
    Feed - Karmić - Kormit'
    Stamp - Pieczęć - Pieczat'
    Clear - Jasny - Jasnyj
    Wet - Mokry - Mokryj
    Moisten - Zmoczyć, moczyć - Smoczit', moczit'
    Ford - Bród - Brod
    Hare - Zająts - Zajats
    Beans - Fasola - Fasol'
    Try - Próbować - Probowat'
    Milkmaid - Dojarka - Dojarka
    Turnovers - Obroty - Oboroty
    Maple - Klon - Klon
    Ruddy - Rumiany - Rumianyj
    Trough - Koryto - Koryto
    Axle - Oś - Os'
    Rear - Tył - Tyl
    Mace - Buława - Bulawa
    Pea - Groch - Goroch, goroszek
    Smithy - Kużnia - Kuznica
    Merchant - Kupiec - Kupiec
    Pimple - Pryszcz - Pryszcz
    Riverside - Brzeg - Bereg
    Companion - Towarzysz - Tovariszcz
    Need - Potrzeba - Potriebnost'
    Daring - śmiałość, odwaga - smielost', otwaga
    Threaten - Grozić - Grozit'
    Bowl - Miska, czasza - Miska, czasza
    Simple - Prosty - Prostoj
    Break - Złamać - Lamat'
    Sole - Podeszwa - Podoszwa
    Foot - Stopa - Stopa, stupnia
    Pinch - Szczypać - Szczipat'
    Treat - Leczyć - Lieczit'
    Caterpillar - Gąsienica - Gusienica
    Soot - Sadza - Saża
    Change - Zmieniać - Izmieniat'
    Alder - Olcha - Olcha
    Veal - Cielęcina - Tieliatina (Cieliatina ?)
    Lard - Smalec - Smalec
    Huge - Ogromny - Ogromnyj
    Manure - Nawóz - Nawoz
    Alike - Podobny - Podobnyj, pochożij
    Plough - Pług - Plug
    Precipitate - Osad - Osadok
    Task - Zadanie - Zadacza, zadanie


    Last edited by Stanley514; April 24th, 2013 at 10:36 AM.
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  3. #2  
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    Polish, Russian, Ukranian, Bulgarian, Serbian, etc. are all Slavic languages so they all are fairly similar to each other.


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    Last edited by Stanley514; April 24th, 2013 at 10:37 AM.
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  5. #4  
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    Quote Originally Posted by Stanley514 View Post
    On some forum a guy claimed that Polish and Russian languages are completely
    unintelligible and all this is due to those nations beloning to different human races.

    Thanks for reminding me why I prefer this forum so much compared to others.

    Also.... it's really weird to me that people are racist against Eastern European people. I guess it's like English people being racist against Irish people. Any small difference between oneself and another will do.
    Some clocks are only right twice a day, but they are still right when they are right.
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  6. #5  
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    1) This is about so called language groups, Russian and Polish both belong to this one: Slavic languages - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    (I'm a native speaker of Russian by the way.)

    Yes, Slavic languages may seem similar, but they are not always mutually understood.

    An example:
    Russian: урод /urod/ - freak, monster
    Polish: uroda - beauty

    (You may verify it using Google translate. This example is taken from one quite old book published in the USSR in '70-s.)

    Sometimes words sound similar, but have completely different meaning.

    2) "Races" are about politics, not real science. There are no "clear" races.
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    Back when I was in high school, sometime in the last ice age, I took two semesters of Russian. Mr. Darcy, the teacher was fluent in both Russian and Polish, and he always claimed that Polish was the older language., and that Russian was derived from it. Needless to say, none of us in class cared in the slightest.
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    Quote Originally Posted by AlexG View Post
    Back when I was in high school, sometime in the last ice age, I took two semesters of Russian. Mr. Darcy, the teacher was fluent in both Russian and Polish, and he always claimed that Polish was the older language., and that Russian was derived from it. Needless to say, none of us in class cared in the slightest.
    Having absolutely no expertize, I will assert that both Polish and Russian evolved from some older Slavic language, much like French, Italian, Spanish, etc. evolved from Latin.
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    Last edited by Stanley514; September 6th, 2017 at 09:35 PM.
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    It is also interesting that to prove inferiority of Russians some rasists used
    theory about predominantly Finno-Hungarian stock of Russians.
    This had nothing to do with the inferiority of Russians. (I'm Russian, two generations removed). This was strictly linguistic one upmanship.
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  11. #10  
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    Quote Originally Posted by BlasW View Post
    An example:
    Russian: урод /urod/ - freak, monster
    Now that's funny!!
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  12. #11  
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    Quote Originally Posted by BlasW View Post
    1) This is about so called language groups, Russian and Polish both belong to this one: Slavic languages - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    (I'm a native speaker of Russian by the way.)

    Yes, Slavic languages may seem similar, but they are not always mutually understood.

    An example:
    Russian: урод /urod/ - freak, monster
    Polish: uroda - beauty

    (You may verify it using Google translate. This example is taken from one quite old book published in the USSR in '70-s.)

    Sometimes words sound similar, but have completely different meaning.
    That they even come close to being understandable is impressive. English is primarily a Germanic language (from the Engles, which were a Germanic tribe), but I roomed with an exchange student from Germany for a full school year once, and I never could come anywhere near understanding what he said when he spoke in German.

    Angles - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    2) "Races" are about politics, not real science. There are no "clear" races.
    There are, however, many people seeking to carve out an entitlement for themselves on the basis of heritage.

    It's just people trying to find another way to feel superior, other than being good at something, or attractive, or having lots of friends who like them.
    Some clocks are only right twice a day, but they are still right when they are right.
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  13. #12  
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    Quote Originally Posted by kojax View Post
    Quote Originally Posted by BlasW View Post
    1) This is about so called language groups, Russian and Polish both belong to this one: Slavic languages - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    (I'm a native speaker of Russian by the way.)

    Yes, Slavic languages may seem similar, but they are not always mutually understood.

    An example:
    Russian: урод /urod/ - freak, monster
    Polish: uroda - beauty

    (You may verify it using Google translate. This example is taken from one quite old book published in the USSR in '70-s.)

    Sometimes words sound similar, but have completely different meaning.
    That they even come close to being understandable is impressive. English is primarily a Germanic language (from the Engles, which were a Germanic tribe), but I roomed with an exchange student from Germany for a full school year once, and I never could come anywhere near understanding what he said when he spoke in German.

    Angles - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    2) "Races" are about politics, not real science. There are no "clear" races.
    There are, however, many people seeking to carve out an entitlement for themselves on the basis of heritage.

    It's just people trying to find another way to feel superior, other than being good at something, or attractive, or having lots of friends who like them.
    Although English does have a German background, it has considerably distanced itself from its roots. The majority of words have a Latin origin, either directly or through French. I think most people would have trouble understanding Chaucer, even though he was much later than the anglo-Saxon settlement.
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  14. #13  
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    but I roomed with an exchange student from Germany for a full school year once, and I never could come anywhere near understanding what he said when he spoke in German.
    Could you understand some Dutch?

    Personally, I speak English but cannot understand Dutch at all.Also they say this is similar languages.
    Could somebody understand any word in Dutch?
    Last edited by Stanley514; June 6th, 2012 at 07:18 AM.
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  15. #14  
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    Last edited by Stanley514; September 6th, 2017 at 09:35 PM.
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    [QUOTE=mathman;327227]
    Quote Originally Posted by AlexG View Post

    Having absolutely no expertize, I will assert that both Polish and Russian evolved from some older Slavic language, much like French, Italian, Spanish, etc. evolved from Latin.
    I came across, almost by chance, your statement that French, Italian, Spanish, etc. evolved from Latin.

    I have been wondering how some distinct terms in Latin were dropped from those languages that evolved from it. For example, Patrvus and Avunculus (Latin terms for uncle on father and mother's sides, respectively) became only one in some derived languages. Could there be some explanations by Anthropologists about the cause? Any possible connections with Dark Age and Renaissance, as this short analysis ponders: Origins Research Institute - One Source Rich Experience?
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  17. #16  
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    Russian: урод /urod/ - freak, monster
    Polish: uroda - beauty
    Well, Czech and Russian have much more laughable ``false friends``.If you are tourist in
    Czech republic and you know only Russian you could be easily confused.For example:

    Czech - Russian

    Cherstvij khleb - fresh bread = Chorstvyj khleb - stale bread
    Cherstvi potraviny - fresh produce sounds similar to ``something stale and poisonous`` in Russ.
    Pozor - attention = Shame,disgrace in Russ.
    Von`avki - parfumes = similar to skunks in Russ.
    Salat iz okurkov - salad from cucumbres = salad from cigarette butts
    Herna - video arcade = similar to something indecent in Russ.
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  18. #17  
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    Hi, I'm Damian and I from Poland. I don't speak english well and I created account on this forum only for tell you more than half of this words is not in polish language. Maybe person who wrote about similarities in PL and Russ used google translate....
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  19. #18  
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    Hi,Damian.
    I regret that I`ve started this post, because I have doubts that somebody on this
    forum,especially English speaking people are interested in word to word comparison
    between Polish and Russian.The Polish words in this post is writen by me not in Polish
    alphabet but in ``universal transcription`` in which I converted them to make comparison
    easier.Otherwise I would be forced to convert Russian words in Polish alphabet what would
    be a formidable task to do for me.
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  20. #19  
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    Do you have some problem to understand how to read ``universal transcription``? Mostly it follows the rules of English American transcription.For example ``kh`` sounds as ``kh`` in Kazakhstan. ``Ch`` like ``ch`` in ``chair`` and so forth.If you have some objections regarding some particular Polish words you could give some example to me.
    Or maybe you are insulted by very idea to compare Polish and Russian?Just tell me and I will delite my fist post in this thread.
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    Corrected
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